Honda Passport (2002 year). Manual - part 14

 

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Honda Passport (2002 year). Manual - part 14

 

 

206

Care and Maintenance

Have your servicing dealer record all Required Maintenance below. Keep receipts for all work done on your car.

7,500 Mi.
12,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

60,000  Mi.
96,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

12,000 km
(or 6 Mo.)

Date

96,000 km
(or 48 Mo.)

Date

15,000  Mi.
24,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

67,500  Mi.
108,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

24,000 km
(or 12 Mo.)

Date

108,000 km
(or 54 Mo.)

Date

22,500  Mi.
36,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

75,000  Mi.
120,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

36,000 km
(or 18 Mo.)

Date

120,000 km
(or 60 Mo.)

Date

30,000  Mi.
48,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

82,500  Mi.
132,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

48,000 km
(or 24 Mo.)

Date

132,000 km
(or 66 Mo.)

Date

37,500  Mi.
60,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

90,000  Mi.
144,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

60,000 km
(or 30 Mo.)

Date

144,000 km
(or 72 Mo.)

Date

45,000  Mi.
72,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

97,500  Mi.
156,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

72,000 km
(or 36 Mo.)

Date

156,000 km
(or 78 Mo.)

Date

52,500  Mi.
84,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

105,000  Mi.
168,000 km

(Sign or Stamp)

Mi. (km)

84,000 km
(or 42 Mo.)

Date

168,000 km
(or 84 Mo.)

Date

Required Maintenance Record

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Table of Contents

Care and Maintenance 

207

Record additional maintenance for severe driving conditions or non-scheduled maintenance on this page (see pages 

204

205

).

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

 Date

 Date

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

 Date

 Date

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

 Date

 Date

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

 Date

 Date

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

 Date

 Date

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

Maintenance
Performed:

(Sign or Stamp)

 Mi. (km)

 Date

 Date

Non-Scheduled Maintenance Record

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208 

Care and Maintenance

Promptly take any safety
problems to your Honda dealer
for service advice.

Parking brake — 

Park on a fairly

steep hill and hold the vehicle
with the parking brake only. This
checks its holding ability.

Starter safety switch (automatic
transmission) — 

Check the safety

switch by trying to start the
engine in each gear. The starter
should work only with the shift
lever in the “P” (Park) or “N”
(Neutral) position.

Starter safety switch (manual
transmission)
  

To check the

safety switch, place the shift lever
in “Neutral,” push the clutch
pedal halfway and try to start the
engine. The starter should not
work. The starter should work

only when the clutch pedal is fully
depressed.

Transmission shift indicator
(automatic transmission)
 

Check that the indicator points to
the gear chosen.

Steering — 

Be alert for any

changes in steering action. An
inspection or service is needed
when the steering wheel is harder
to turn or has too much free play,
or if there are unusual sounds
when turning or parking.

Wheel alignment, balance and
tires
  

Uneven or abnormal tire

wear, or pulling to the right or left
on a straight and level road may
show the need for a wheel
alignment. A vibration of the
steering wheel or seat at normal
highway speeds means wheel

balancing is needed. Check tire
pressures (including the spare) at
least monthly and whenever the
vehicle is serviced (see page 

163

).

Brakes — 

Watch for the

BRAKE

” light coming on. Other

signs of possible brake trouble are
such things as repeated pulling to
one side when braking, unusual
sounds when braking or between
brake applications, or increased
brake pedal travel. If you note one
of these conditions, have the
system checked at once and
repaired if needed.

Owner Safety Checks

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209

Care and Maintenance

Sit in the driver’s seat and
perform these checks:

1. With the engine stopped,

depress the brake pedal several
times; the travel distance and
effective pedal stroke should
remain unchanged.

2. Start the engine with the brake

pedal fully depressed.

The brake pedal should go down
a little as the engine starts.

3. Depress the brake pedal, stop

the engine and hold the pedal
depressed for about 30
seconds; the brake pedal
should remain in position
without rising or going down.

4. Restart the engine and run it

for about a minute, then turn it
off and depress the brake
pedal firmly several times; the
brake pedal travel should

decrease each time the brake
pedal is depressed.

If the brakes do not operate
normally, have them checked and
corrected by your Honda dealer.

Exhaust system — 

Be alert to any

changes in the sound of the exhaust
system or any smell of fumes.
These are signs the system may be
leaking or overheating. Have the
system checked and/or repaired at
once if these conditions exist. (Also
see “Carbon Monoxide Hazard” in
the “Driver and Passenger Safety”
section and “Three-Way Catalytic
Converter” in the “Driving Tips”
section.)

Windshield wipers and
washers
  

Check the operation

and condition of the wiper blades.
Check the flow and aim of the
washer spray.

Defrosters  

Check performance

by moving the controls to the
defrost setting and noting the
amount of air directed against the
windshield.

Rear view mirrors and sun
visors — 

Check that the friction

joints hold the mirrors and sun
visors firmly in place.

Horn — 

Blow the horn now and

then to be sure it works.

Lap and shoulder belts — 

Check

the belt system, including
webbing, buckles, latch plates,
retractors, guide loops and
anchors for proper operation and
damage.

Seat adjusters — 

When adjusting

a seat, be sure the seat adjusters
latch securely by pushing the seat
forward and backward.

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210

Care and Maintenance

Seat-back latches — 

Seat-back

latches are designed to prevent
forward motion of the seat-back
when the vehicle stops suddenly.
Check to see that the seat-back
latches are holding by pulling
forward on the top of the folding
seat-back.

Also check to see that the
reclining seats are operating
properly.

Lights and beepers — 

Check

panel lighting, warning lights, and
the seat belt reminder light and
beeper. Also check the key beeper
and interior lights. On the outside,
check the license plate light, side
marker lights, headlights, parking
lights, taillights, brake lights, turn
signals, backup lights and hazard
warning flashers. Have the
headlight aim checked promptly if

the beams seem to be aimed
improperly.

Glass — 

Check for broken,

scratched or damaged glass that
could reduce visibility or cause
injury.

Door latches — 

Check that the

doors close, latch and lock
securely.

Hood latch — 

Check that the

hood closes firmly. Check for
broken, damaged, or missing parts
that might prevent secure
latching. Make sure the secondary
latch keeps the hood from
opening all the way when first
released.

Fluid leaks — 

Check for fuel,

water, oil or other fluid leaks by
looking at the surface beneath the
vehicle after it has been parked
for awhile. Water dripping from
the air conditioning system after
use is normal. If you notice
gasoline fumes or fluid at any
time, locate the source and have it
corrected at once.

Spare tire and jack — 

Check that

the spare tire and all jack gear are
securely stowed at all times.

Tailgate latch — 

Check that the

tailgate closes, latches and locks
securely.

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211

Care and Maintenance

Underbody — 

Corrosive

materials used for road-ice, snow
removal and dust control can
collect on the underbody. If these
materials are not removed,
accelerated corrosion (rust) can
occur on underbody parts such as
the fuel line, frame, floor pan and
exhaust system. At least once a
year, in the spring, flush these
materials from the underbody
with plain water.

Take care to thoroughly clean any
areas where mud and other debris
can collect. Sediment trapped in
closed areas of the frame should
be loosened before being flushed.

P

roper Quality Oil

Engine oils are labeled on the
containers with various API
(American Petroleum Institute)
designations of quality.

Use Only SJ Quality Oil

Additional designations of quality
may also be present, but 

SJ

 must

be included.

The “

SJ

” designation may be

shown alone, or in combination
with other designations, such as

SJ/CC

,” “

SJ/CD

,” or “

SJ

CC

etc.

As long as the letters “

SJ

” appear

somewhere in the designation of
oil quality indicated on the
container, the oil is of suitable
quality.

Change Interval

The oil and filter change intervals
for your engine are based on the
use of the recommended oil
quality and viscosity, as well as
high-quality filters. Using oils
other than recommended, or
extending oil change intervals
longer than those recommended,
could reduce engine life.

Your engine was filled with a
high-quality engine oil when it
left the factory. You do not have
to change this oil before the
suggested change period.

If your normal driving does not
include one or more of the “severe
driving” conditions listed below,
change the oil every 7,500 miles
(12,000 kilometers) or 6 months,
whichever comes first.

Engine Oil and Filter

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212

Care and Maintenance

Change the oil and oil filter every
3,750 miles (6,000 kilometers) or
every three months if you drive
under one or more of these
“severe driving” conditions:

Driving in dusty areas

Towing a trailer

Frequent idling or idling for
long periods

Frequent short trips (4 miles [6
kilometers] or less) in cold or
freezing weather, where the
engine does not thoroughly
warm up.

Change the oil and oil filter as
soon as possible after driving in
a dust storm.

Oil Change

Changing the oil and filter requires
special tools and access from
underneath the vehicle. The vehicle
should be raised on a service
station-type hydraulic lift for this
service. Unless you have the
knowledge and proper equipment,
you should have this maintenance
done by a skilled mechanic.

1. Warm up the engine. This

makes the oil drain faster and
more thoroughly.

2. Remove the oil filler cap.

3. Remove the drain plug and

drain oil fully.

4. Install the drain plug, with a

new gasket, and tighten it.

5. Fill the engine with the proper

amount of new oil (see
“Specifications”).

Oil Filter Installation

1. Remove the old oil filter with

the filter wrench.

2. Apply a light coat of engine

oil to the oil filter gasket.

3. Hand-tighten the filter until

the gasket contacts the sealing
face.

4. Using the filter wrench,

tighten the filter one full turn.

5. Run the engine and inspect for

leaks.

6. Shut off the engine. After a

couple of minutes, check the
oil level. If necessary, add oil
to bring it to the 

FULL

 mark.

 

An improperly installed oil filter
can result in severe engine
damage.

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213

Care and Maintenance

Oil Viscosity

Engine oil viscosity (thickness) has
an effect on fuel economy. Lower
viscosity engine oils can provide
increased fuel economy; however,
higher temperature weather
conditions require higher viscosity
engine oils for satisfactory
lubrication. To get the best fuel
economy with your vehicle, you
should use a fuel-saving engine oil
of the proper viscosity. These oils
can be found in service stations and

other retail stores. They are
identified by words such as
“Energy Saving,” “Conserves
Gasoline,” “Gas Saving,”
“Gasoline Saving,” “Friction
Reducing,” “Improved Gasoline
Mileage” or “Fuel Saving.”

The chart lists the recommended
engine oil viscosities for the
temperature range you expect
before the next oil change. For
temperatures above 0

_F (–18_C),

SAE 10W–30 is the preferred

viscosity grade. If cold-weather
starting problems are encountered
at temperatures below 0

_F

(–18

_C), SAE 5W–30 viscosity

oils may be required.

Oil Level Check

It is the owner’s responsibility to
keep the engine oil at the proper
level. Check the oil level at regular
intervals (such as every other fuel
stop) and keep it above the
“minimum” level mark.

Remember, your engine may use
more oil when it is new.

The best time to check the engine
oil level is when the oil is warm,
such as during a fuel stop. Shut off
the engine and wait about 5 minutes
for the oil to drain back to the oil
pan. Pull out the dipstick, wipe it
clean, and push it back down all the
way. Now pull out the dipstick and

–20 F

0 F

–30 C

–20 C

–10 C

20 F

40 F

0 C

10 C

20 C

60 F

80 F

30 C

40 C

100 F

TEMPERATURE RANGE YOU EXPECT BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE

VISCOSITY GRADE – AMBIENT TEMPERATURE

SAE 5W–30

SAE 10W–30, PREFERRED

SAE 15W–40, 20W–40, 20W–50

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214

Care and Maintenance

look at the oil level on the dipstick.
The dipstick has two markings
which indicate the minimum and
maximum allowable oil level. If the
oil level is lower than the marked
area, it indicates the need for
additional oil. Push the dipstick
back down all the way after taking
the reading.

If you check the oil level when
the oil is cold, do not run the
engine first. The cold oil will
not drain into the pan fast
enough to give a true reading.

Engine Oil Additives

There are many extra engine oil
additives for sale. Your engine
should not need these extra
additives if you use recommended
quality engine oil and change it as
suggested. If you think your
engine has an oil-related problem,
talk to your Honda dealer.

See your Maintenance Schedule for
change intervals. If the vehicle is
operated in dusty areas it will
require more frequent element
replacement. Your Honda dealer
can be of assistance in determining
the proper replacement frequency
for the conditions under which you
operate your vehicle.

Do not attempt to clean the air
filter. The filter is designed to
provide normal filtering
efficiency between replacement
intervals.

For maximum protection, it is
advisable to use genuine Honda air
cleaner filters as replacements.

Air Cleaner Filter

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215

Care and Maintenance

Never run the engine with the air
cleaner filter removed. If the
engine should backfire, it could
possibly cause an engine
compartment fire.

Be sure to reinstall the air cleaner
filter and assembly correctly. If it
is installed incorrectly, engine
damage could result.

See the Maintenance  Schedule to
find out how often the lubricant
level should be checked.

Check that the fluid level reaches
the plug hole by removing the
filler plug on the transmission and
transfer case. If the fluid level is
low, refill the case up to the filler
plug hole.

Use a high-quality engine oil
labeled SG or SF that is of the
correct viscosity for existing
ambient temperatures as follows.

Ambient

Temperature

Viscosity

Lubricant

to Be Used

Areas where
ambient
temperatures of
90

_

F (32

_

C) and

higher are regularly
encountered.

SAE 15W-40

20W-40
20W-50

Other areas

SAE 5W-30

(2WD)

OIL FILL PLUG

DRAIN PLUG

(4WD)

OIL FILL PLUG

DRAIN PLUG

RIGHT SIDE

LEFT SIDE

Manual Transmission Fluid

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216

Care and Maintenance

Proper Fluid

Kind of Fluid

Transmission DEXRON 

III

Transfer
(4WD)

SAE 5W-30
(Engine oil)

Have the fluid level in the
automatic transmission checked
during the regularly scheduled
maintenance at your Honda
dealer.

If you suspect an automatic
transmission fluid leak, take the
vehicle to your Honda dealer for
inspection and repair.
Transmission damage could result
if you let the fluid level get too
low.

Drain Intervals

The automatic transmission drain
interval is not time or mileage
dependent. It will vary according
to your driving habits and vehicle
usage.

Your dealer will check the
transmission fluid’s condition and
life expectancy during regularly
scheduled maintenance, and
inform you at what mileage it
should be changed.

See the Maintenance Schedule
List to determine how often the
lubricant should be changed. Add
lubricant, if needed, by filling to
the level of the filler plug hole.
Use 

GL

-5 gear lubricant of the

proper viscosity as shown in the
chart.

If your vehicle is equipped with
the optional limited slip
differential (on the rear axle), use

GL

-5 Limited Slip Differential

Gear Lubricant together with
Limited Slip Differential Gear
Lubricant Additive (Part No.
8-01052-358-0) or equivalent.
Use the correct viscosity for the
existing ambient temperatures.

Automatic Transmission Fluid

Front (

4WD

)

and Rear Axles

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217

Care and Maintenance

Recommended Lubricant

Ambient

Temperature

Lubricant Viscosity

to Be Used

Rear

Axle

Front

Axle

Below 50

_

F

(10

_

C

)

SAE

 80

or SAE
80W-90

SAE
75W

-

90

synthetic

_

F to 90h

_

F

(–18 

_

C

 to

32

_

C

)

SAE

 

90

or

 

SAE

80W

-90

SAE
75W

-

90

synthetic

Above 50

_

F

(10

_

C

)

consistently

SAE
140

SAE
80W

-90

or SAE
80W

-140

The engine cooling system is
designed to maintain the engine at
the proper operating temperatures.
The cooling system was filled at
the factory with a quality engine
coolant. The engine cooling system
is designed to use coolant (a
mixture of water and ethylene
glycol antifreeze) rather than plain
water. The engine coolant solution
should be used year-round. It has
many advantages such as:

provides freezing protection as
low as –33

_F (–36_C)

 provides boiling protection up

to 262

_F (128_C)

protects against rust and
corrosion in the cooling system

 maintains the proper engine

temperature for efficient
operation and emission control

allows proper operation of the
engine coolant temperature gauge

See the Maintenance Schedule in
this section to find out when the
engine coolant must be replaced.

Checking the Coolant Level

Check the engine coolant level at
the interval shown in the
Maintenance Schedule unless there
is evidence of leaking or
overheating. The engine coolant
level should be between the
maximum and the minimum level
marks on the radiator reserve tank.

Engine Cooling System

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218

Care and Maintenance

You usually do not need to remove
the radiator cap to check the engine
coolant level. 

Removing the radiator cap
while the engine is hot can
cause the coolant to spray
out, seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and
radiator cool down before
removing the radiator cap.

Adding Engine Coolant

To add engine coolant, remove the
cap on the radiator reserve tank
and fill the tank up to the
maximum level mark. Add a
50/50 mixture of water and a good
quality ethylene glycol antifreeze.

If you need to add engine coolant
frequently, see your Honda dealer
for a cooling system check.

If the proper quality antifreeze
is used, there is no need to add
extra inhibitors or additives. They
may be harmful to the proper
operation of the system.

Cooling System Service

The cooling system should be
serviced at the intervals specified
in the Maintenance Schedule as
follows:

Wash the radiator cap and filler
neck with clean water.

Check the engine coolant level
in the radiator and have it tested
for freeze protection. Add
ethylene glycol antifreeze, if
needed, to maintain freeze
protection at –33

_F (–36_C).

Have the cooling system and
radiator cap tested for a
pressure capacity of 15 psi (105
kPa). If a replacement cap is
needed, use a cap specified for
your model.

Tighten all radiator and heater
hose clamps and inspect all
hoses. Replace the hoses if they
are swollen, “checked,” or
otherwise worn. Carefully
tighten the hose clamps at the
radiator. Overtightening could
bend or collapse the radiator
fittings.

Clean the front of the radiator
core and air conditioning
condenser.

It is the owner’s responsibility to:

Maintain the cooling system
freeze protection at –33

_F

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219

Care and Maintenance

(–36

_C) to ensure protection

against corrosion and loss of
engine coolant from boiling.
This should be done even if
freezing temperatures are not
expected.

Add ethylene glycol-based
antifreeze when antifreeze has
to be added because of engine
coolant loss or if more
protection against freezing at
temperatures lower than –33

_F

(–36

_C) is needed. Do not use

an alcohol-based or
methanol-based antifreeze, or
plain water. They boil at a
lower point, and do not provide
corrosion protection.

Thermostat

The engine coolant temperature is
controlled by a thermostat, which
stops engine coolant flow through
the radiator until a preset
temperature is reached. This
thermostat is installed in the
engine coolant inlet on the front
of the engine block. The same
thermostat is used in both winter
and summer.

Brake Master Cylinder

Check the master cylinder fluid
level in the reservoir every time
you check the engine oil level.

The level should be between the

MAX

 

and 

ADD

 level line. If the

level is lower than the 

ADD 

level

line, fill to the 

MAX

 level line

with 

DOT

-3 or 

DOT

-4 fluid.

Other Required
Maintenance

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220 

Care and Maintenance

If the diaphragm inside the
reservoir cap is deformed, return
it to the original (collapsed)
condition, then tighten the cap.

It is normal for the brake fluid
level to go down slightly as the
front brake pads wear. So be sure
to keep the reservoir fluid at the
proper level.

If the reservoir needs frequent
refilling, it may indicate a serious
mechanical problem.

Brake fluid absorbs water from
the air. Never use brake fluid that
has been open to the air for an
extended period. Throw it away
and use new brake fluid from a
sealed container.

 

Brake fluid can damage your
vehicle’s paint. Thoroughly clean
up any brake fluid spills.

Shift-on-the-Fly System

The fluid level in the system should
be checked at the intervals shown
in the Maintenance Schedule.

FILLER
PLUG

Remove the filler plug and make
sure the fluid level is up to the
edge of the hole. If it is not, add

GL

-5 gear oil to bring to that

level. Use the same 

GL

-5 gear oil

specified for the front axle (see
page 

216

).

Front Wheel Bearings

Clean and repack the front wheel
bearings whenever the front brake
pads are replaced. Due to the
weight of the tire and wheel
assembly it is recommended that
they be removed from the hub
before lubricating the bearings to
prevent damage to the oil seal.

“Long Fiber” grease should not be
used to lubricate the wheel bearings.
It can cause damage. Clean the old
grease out of the bearings and hubs
before repacking.

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221

Care and Maintenance

Hood Latch and Hinges

Lubricate the hood latch assembly
and hood hinge assembly as
follows:

1. Wipe off any accumulation of

dirt or contamination on the
latch parts.

2. Apply multipurpose-type

grease (

NLGI

 No. 1 or 2) to

the hood latch pin cam.

3. Apply light engine oil to all

pivot points in the release
mechanism.

4. Lubricate hood hinges with

multipurpose-type grease
(

NLGI

 No. 1 or 2).

5. Check the hood hinges and

latch mechanism to assure
they are working correctly.

Air Conditioning

Periodically have your Honda
dealer check your air conditioning
system to be sure there has been
no loss in cooling output. See
your Honda dealer if you suspect
that the system is not performing
as it should.

Body Lubrication

Normal use of a vehicle causes
metal-to-metal movement at certain
points in the body. Noise, wear and
improper operation at these points
will result when a protective film
of lubricant is not provided.

For exposed surfaces such as door
checks, door lock bolts, lock
striker plates, etc., apply a thin
film of light engine oil.

Any lubricant should be used
sparingly. After application, all

excess lubricant should be
carefully wiped off.

The seat adjusters and seat track
should be lubricated with water-
resistant 

EP

 chassis lubricant.

There are other points on the
vehicle body which may
occasionally require lubrication.
Window regulators and controls
are confined in the space between
the upholstery and the outside
door panel. Easy access to the
working parts may be made by
removing the trim. Door
weatherstrips and rubber hood
bumpers should be lightly coated
with a rubber lubricant.

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