Honda Passport (2002 year). Manual - part 13

 

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Honda Passport (2002 year). Manual - part 13

 

 

190

In Case of Emergency

Reverse this procedure to store
the spare tire. Connect the spare
tire to the bracket with the outside
of the wheel facing up. Make sure
the tire does not catch on any part
of the underbody of the vehicle as
you are raising it, and that the
spare tire is stored securely before
driving.

If the engine overheats:

The engine coolant temperature
gauge pointer will move up to
the “

H

” or higher.

Engine “ping” will become
excessive.

Loss of engine power will be
noticed.

Either steam or boiling water
will squirt out of the radiator.

If you find that the engine is
overheating:

Stop the vehicle, and turn on
the hazard warning lights.

If you see or hear steam or
coolant coming from the
engine compartment, turn off
the engine immediately.

Steam and spray from an
overheated engine can
seriously scald you.

Do not open the hood if steam
is coming out.

If you do not see or hear steam
or spray, turn off the 

A/C

 (if

on) and run the engine at a
speed slightly higher than idle
speed (about 1,500 rpm) for
several minutes. Watch the
coolant temperature gauge. If it
remains at the “

H

” mark, turn

off the engine.

Open the hood only after all
signs of steam or hot coolant
spray have stopped. Look for
signs of an obvious leak, such
as a split radiator hose. If you

Engine Overheating

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Table of Contents

191

In Case of Emergency

find a leak, it must be repaired
before you can continue
driving. (See Towing on page

191

.)

If you don’t find an obvious
leak, check the coolant level in
the radiator reserve tank. If the
level is below the 

MIN

 mark, add

coolant to halfway between the

MIN

 and 

MAX

 marks.

If there was no coolant in the
reserve tank, you may also
have to add coolant to the
radiator.

Let the engine cool down until
the pointer reaches the middle
of the temperature gauge, or
lower, before checking the
radiator.

Removing the radiator cap
while the engine is hot can
cause  the coolant to spray
out, seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and
radiator cool down before
removing the radiator cap.

If needed, add coolant to the
radiator to bring the level up to
the filler neck, and to the
reservoir up to the level
indicated on the reservoir tank.

Proper equipment must be used to
prevent damage to vehicles during
any towing. State and local laws
that apply to vehicles in tow must
be followed. Get detailed towing
instructions from your Honda
dealer.

Should it become necessary to
tow your vehicle, follow these
directions.

Precautions

Before towing, make sure that
the power train, axle,
transmission, wheels and
steering system are in good
condition.

If any of these items are
damaged, a flatbed trailer must
be used.

Towing

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Table of Contents

192

In Case of Emergency

Use only towing equipment
specifically designed for this
purpose, following the
instructions of the equipment
manufacturer. A separate safety
chain system must be used.

For such towing, the parking
brake must be released, the
transmission must be in neutral
and the key switch turned to
the “

OFF

” position (not

LOCK

”).

Towing attachments must be
made to main structural
members of the vehicle. Do not
attach to bumpers or associated
brackets.

Remember that the power
brake assist will not be
available when the engine is
inoperative.

Towing Tips

All Four Wheels on the Ground

1. Transfer case in 2

H

 (4

WD

model only).

2. Transmission in Neutral

position.

3. Maximum speed 30 mph

(50 km/h).

4. Maximum distance 50 miles

(80 kilometers).

If you are towing the vehicle at
distances and speeds greater than
shown, disconnect the propeller
shaft from the rear axle carrier.
On 4

WD

 models, also disconnect

the front propeller shaft. Safely
secure the propeller shafts so they
will not fall and scrape the
ground. 

Front Wheels off the Ground

1. Transfer case in 2

H

 (4

WD

model only).

2. Transmission in Neutral

position.

3. Maximum speed 30 mph

(50 km/h).

4. Maximum distance 50 miles

(80 kilometers).

If you are towing the vehicle at
distances and speeds greater than
shown, disconnect the propeller
shaft from the rear axle carrier.
Safely secure the propeller shaft
so it will not fall and scrape the
ground.

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193

In Case of Emergency

Rear Wheels off the Ground

1. Transfer case in 2

H

 (4

WD

model only).

2. Transmission in Neutral

position.

3. Maximum speed 30 mph

(50 km/h).

4. Maximum distance 50 miles

(80 kilometers).

If you need to tow your vehicle by
this method, secure the steering
wheel to keep the front wheels
pointed straight ahead. Do not
rely on the steering column lock;
it is not strong enough to hold the
front wheels straight while
towing. The ignition switch must
be in the 

OFF

 position.

If you have electrical problems
without extreme damage to any
electrical parts, check for burned
out fuses, broken wires, poor
connections or poor grounding.
Correct as necessary.

The fuse boxes are located under
the left hand side of the
instrument panel and in the right
hand side of the engine
compartment. (See “Fuses” on
page

 240

.)

 

Replacing a fuse with one that has
a higher rating greatly increases
the chances of damaging the
electrical system. If you do not
have a replacement fuse with the
proper rating for the circuit,
install one with a lower rating.

Inoperative Electrical Devices

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195

Care and Maintenance

This section explains why it is
important to keep your vehicle
well maintained and to follow
basic maintenance safety
precautions.

This section also includes
Maintenance Schedules for
normal driving and severe driving
conditions, a Maintenance
Record, and instructions for
simple maintenance tasks you
may want to take care of yourself.

If you have the skills and tools
required to perform more complex
maintenance tasks on your Honda,
you may want to purchase the
Service Manual. See page 

253

 for

information on how to obtain a
copy, or see your Honda dealer.

Service Station Information

197

Fuel Fill Cap

197

. . . . . . . . . . 

Fuel Recommendation

198

. . . 

Fuel Tank Capacity

198

. . . . . 

Engine Oil
  Recommendation

198

. . . . . . 

Windshield Washer

198

. . . . . 

Tire Inflation Pressures

198

. . 

Battery

198

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 

Hood Release

199

. . . . . . . . . . 

Engine Oil Dipstick

200

. . . . . 

Fuel Requirements

200

. . . . . . . . 

Oxygenated Fuels

200

. . . . . . 

Maintenance Safety

201

. . . . . . . 

Important Safety
  Precautions

202

. . . . . . . . . . 

Maintenance Schedule

203

. . . . . 

Required Maintenance Record

206

Owner Safety Checks

208

. . . . . . 

Engine Oil and Filter

211

. . . . . . 

Proper Quality Oil

211

. . . . . . 

Change Interval

211

. . . . . . . . 

Oil Change 

212

. . . . . . . . . . . 

Oil Filter Installation 

212

Oil Viscosity 

213

. . . . . . . . . . 

Oil Level Check 

213

. . . . . . . 

Engine Oil Additives 

214

. . . 

Air Cleaner Filter 

214

. . . . . . . . 

Manual Transmission Fluid 

215

Automatic Transmission
  Fluid

216

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 

Front (4

WD

) and 

  Rear Axles 

216

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 

Engine Cooling System 

217

. . . 

Other Required Maintenance

219

Brake Master Cylinder 

219

. . 

Shift-on-the-Fly System

220

Front Wheel Bearings 

220

. . . 

Hood Latch and Hinges 

221

Air Conditioning 

 221

. . . . . . . 

Body Lubrication 

221

. . . . . . 

Care and Maintenance

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196

Care and Maintenance

Front (4

WD

 Only) and

  Rear Propeller Shaft 

 

222

. . . 

Exhaust System 

 

222

. . . . . . . 

Fuel Line and Fuel
  Tank/Cap 

 

222

. . . . . . . . . . . . 

Drive Belt 

 

222

. . . . . . . . . . . . 

Timing Belt 

 

222

. . . . . . . . . . . 

Valve Clearance

222

. . . . . . . . 

Spark Plugs 

 

223

. . . . . . . . . . . 

Clutch  

223

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 

Fluid or Lubricant Levels   

223

Power Steering 

 

223

. . . . . . . . 

Wheel Alignment 

224

. . . . . . 

Exterior 

224

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 

Washing Your Vehicle 

224

. . 

Polishing and Waxing 
  Your Vehicle 

224

. . . . . . . . . 

Protection of Exterior 
  Bright Metal Parts 

224

. . . . 

Care of Aluminum Wheels 

224

Foreign Material Deposits 

224

Finish Damage 

225

. . . . . . . . 

Corrosion Protection 

225

. . . . 

Sheet Metal Damage 

225

. . . . 

Underbody Maintenance 

225

Interior 

226

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 

Basic Steps
  Before Cleaning 

226

. . . . . . 

Cleaning Fabric

227

. . . . . . . . 

Cleaning General Soilage
  or Water Spots From

Fabric Trim 

227

. . . . . . . . 

Spot Cleaning Fabric
  With Solvent Cleaner 

227

Removal of
  Specific Stains

228

. . . . . . 

Cleaning Vinyl
  or Leather Trim

229

. . . . . . . 

Seat Belt Care

229

. . . . . . . . . 

Cleaning Glass Surfaces 

230

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197

Care and Maintenance

Fuel Fill Cap

To remove the fuel fill cap, turn it
counterclockwise. To close the fill
cap, turn it clockwise until you
hear it click at least three times.
Put the fuel fill cap in the cap
holder while refueling.

If you need a replacement, use only
a genuine Honda fuel fill cap. An
improper fuel fill cap can affect the
fuel system, the emissions system,
and allow fuel spillage.

Component Locations

WINDSHIELD
WASHER
RESERVOIR

BATTERY

RADIATOR CAP

ENGINE OIL
FILLER CAP

AIR CLEANER

ENGINE
OIL DIPSTICK

BRAKE MASTER
CYLINDER
RESERVOIR

POWER
STEERING
RESERVOIR

RADIATOR
RESERVE
TANK

CLUTCH MASTER
CYLINDER
RESERVOIR

Service Station Information

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198

Care and Maintenance

Fuel Recommendation

Use only unleaded gasoline. For
additional information see “Fuel
Requirements” in this section.

Fuel Tank Capacity

19.5 

U.S.

 gallons (75 liters)

Engine Oil Recommendation

Use only 

SJ

 quality oil.

The chart shown under “Engine
Oil and Filter” in this section will
serve as a guide for choosing the
proper viscosity oil.

Windshield Washer

Check the reservoir fluid level
regularly. Use a commercially
available windshield washer fluid.

The windshield washer reservoir
is located on the front right side of
the engine compartment.

Tire Inflation Pressures

Check at least monthly, including
the spare. Keep inflated to the
pressure shown on the tire placard
on the driver’s doorjamb.

LABEL

Battery

Your new vehicle has a low
maintenance battery.

CHARGE TEST INDICATOR

UPPER LEVEL

LOWER LEVEL

CHARGING

NECESSARY

OK

BLUE

COLORLESS

You will never have to add water.
The hydrometer (test indicator) in
the top of the battery provides
information for testing purposes
only.

WARNING: Battery posts,
terminals and related accessories
contain lead and lead compounds.
Wash hands after handling.

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Table of Contents

199

Care and Maintenance

Hood Release

The hood release lever is on the
left side of the instrument panel.

To Open

1. Pull the lever to release the

hood lock.

2. Lift the under-hood lever

while lifting the hood slightly.

3. Raise the hood, and hold it

open with the hood support
rod in the hole on the right
side of the hood.

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Table of Contents

200 

Care and Maintenance

To Close

1. Lift the hood slightly to remove

tension from the support rod.

2. Place the support rod in its

retaining clip and lower the
hood.

Always make sure the hood is
securely latched before you begin
driving.

Engine Oil Dipstick

Check the oil level when the
engine is off and the oil is warm,
such as during a fuel stop. See
page 

213

.

Your Honda operates most
effectively on unleaded gasoline
with a pump octane number of 

86

or higher. Use of a lower octane
gasoline can cause a persistent,
heavy metallic rapping noise in
the engine that can lead to
mechanical damage.

We recommend gasolines containing
detergent additives that help prevent
fuel system and engine deposits.

Using gasoline containing lead will
damage your vehicle’s emission
controls. This contributes to air
pollution and can void certain parts
of your warranty.

Oxygenated Fuels

Some conventional gasolines are
being blended with alcohol or an
ether compound. These gasolines
are collectively referred to as
oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air

Fuel Requirements

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Table of Contents

201

Care and Maintenance

standards, some areas of the United
States and Canada use oxygenated
fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be
sure it is unleaded and meets the
minimum octane rating requirement.

Before using an oxygenated fuel,
try to confirm the fuel’s contents.
Some states/provinces require this
information to be posted on the
pump.

The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:

ETHANOL 

(ethyl or grain alcohol).

You may use gasoline containing up
to 10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name “Gasohol.”

MTBE 

(Methyl Tertiary Butyl

Ether). You may use gasoline
containing up to 15% 

MTBE

 by

volume.

METHANOL

 (methyl or wood

alcohol). Your vehicle was not
designed to use fuel that contains
methanol. Methanol can corrode
metal parts in the fuel system, and
also damage plastic and rubber
components. This damage would not
be covered by your warranties.

If you notice any undesirable
operating symptoms, try another
service station or switch to another
brand of gasoline.

Fuel system damage or performance
problems resulting from the use of
an oxygenated fuel containing
more than the percentages of
oxygenates given above are not
covered under warranty.

Regularly maintaining your
vehicle is the best way to protect
your investment. Proper
maintenance is essential to your
safety and the safety of your
passengers. It will also reward
you with more economical,
trouble-free driving and help
reduce air pollution.

Improperly maintaining this
vehicle or failing to correct a
problem before driving can
cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the inspection
and maintenance
recommendations and
schedules in this owner’s
manual.

Maintenance Safety

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Table of Contents

202

Care and Maintenance

This section includes instructions
for simple maintenance tasks,
such as checking and adding oil.
Any service items not detailed in
this section should be performed
by a Honda technician or other
qualified mechanic.

Some of the most important safety
precautions are given below.
However, we cannot warn you of
every conceivable hazard that can
arise in performing maintenance.
Only you can decide whether or
not you should perform a given
task.

Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to
be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the procedures
and precautions in this owner’s
manual.

Important Safety Precautions

Before you begin any
maintenance, make sure your
vehicle is parked on level ground
and that the parking brake is on.
Also, be sure the engine is off.
This will help to eliminate several
potential hazards:

Carbon monoxide poisoning
from engine exhaust.

 

Be sure

there is adequate ventilation
whenever you operate the engine.

Burns from hot parts. Let the
engine and exhaust system cool
before touching any parts.

Injury from moving parts. Do
not run the engine unless
instructed to do so.

Read the instructions before you
begin, and make sure you have
the tools and skills required.

To reduce the possibility of fire or
explosion, be careful when
working around gasoline or
batteries. Use a commercially
available degreaser or parts
cleaner, not gasoline, to clean
parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and
flames away from the battery and
all fuel-related parts.

You should wear eye protection
and protective clothing when
working near the battery or when
using compressed air.

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Table of Contents

203

Care and Maintenance

The Maintenance Schedule
specifies how often you should
have your vehicle serviced and
what things need attention. It is
essential that you have your
vehicle serviced as scheduled to
retain its high level of safety,
dependability, and emission
control performance.

The services and time or distance
intervals shown in the
maintenance schedule assume you
will use your vehicle as normal
transportation. You should:

 Avoid exceeding your vehicle’s

load limit. This puts excess
stress on the engine, brakes, and
many other parts of your vehicle.
The load limit is shown on the
label on the driver’s doorjamb.

 Operate your vehicle on

reasonable roads within the
legal speed limit.

 Drive your vehicle regularly over

a distance of several miles
(kilometers).

 Always use unleaded gasoline

with the proper octane rating
(see page 

200

).

Your authorized Honda dealer
knows your vehicle best and can
provide competent, efficient
service. However, service at a
dealer is not mandatory to keep
your warranties in effect.
Maintenance may be done by any
qualified service facility or person
who is skilled in this type of
automotive service. Keep all the
receipts as proof of completion,
and have the person who does the
work fill out the Maintenance

Record. Check your warranty
booklet for more information.

We recommend the use of
Genuine Honda parts and fluids
whenever you have maintenance
done. These are manufactured to
the same high-quality standards as
the original components, so you
can be confident of their
performance and durability.

U.S. Vehicles:
Maintenance, replacement or repair
of emission control devices and
systems may be done by any
automotive repair establishment or
individual using parts that are
“certified” to EPA standards.

Maintenance Schedule

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Table of Contents

* 1

* 2

Under severe driving conditions, service these items more often. 

–These fluids: brake, clutch, P/S, battery, ATF,

Using SAE 10W-40 oil, or any viscosity other than those recommended, may reduce engine life and affect the warranty. windshield washer
This service is recommended only. – Tire pressure

204 

Care and Maintenance

R – Replace L – Lube I – Inspect After inspection, clean, adjust, repair or replace if necessary.

Service at the interval listed x
1 000 il ( k ) ft th t

x 1,000 miles

7.5

15

22.5

30

37.5

45

52.5

60

67.5

75

82.5

90

97.5

105

Service at the interval listed x
1,000 miles (or km) or after that
number of months whichever

x 1,000 km

12

24

36

48

60

72

84

96

108

120

132

144

156

168

number of months, whichever
comes first.

months

6

12

18

24

30

36

42

48

54

60

66

72

78

84

Engine and Transmission
Air cleaner element

R

R

R

Fuel tank, cap, pipes, hoses and connections

I

Spark plugs

R

Engine oil and oil filter  

* 1

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

Engine drive belt

I

I

I

Cooling system, heater hoses, and connections

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Engine coolant

R

R

R

Timing belt

R

* 2

Exhaust system

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Starter safety switch

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Auto cruise control linkage and hose

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Radiator core and A/C condenser

I

Manual transmission oil and transfer case oil

R

R

R

R

Automatic transmission

See page 

216

.

Shift-on-the-fly system

I

I

I

I

Valve clearance

Adjust only if noisy.

  

Check oil and coolant level at each fuel stop.

Inspect monthly:

Maintenance Schedule

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Table of Contents

Repeated short trips in cold weather

Driving in dusty areas

Frequent idling and/or frequent low-speed operation

Towing a trailer

Change engine oil and filter –

Every 3,750 miles (6,000 km)
or 3 months

Change rear axle oil –

Every 15,000 miles (24,000 km)

205

Care and Maintenance

R – Replace

L – Lube

I – Inspect

After inspection, clean, adjust, repair or replace if necessary.

Service at the interval listed x
1 000

il

(

k )

ft

th t

x 1,000 miles

7.5

15

22.5

30

37.5

45

52.5

60

67.5

75

82.5

90

97.5

105

Service at the interval listed x
1,000 miles (or km) or after that
number of months whichever

x 1,000 km

12

24

36

48

60

72

84

96

108

120

132

144

156

168

number of months, whichever
comes first.

months

6

12

18

24

30

36

42

48

54

60

66

72

78

84

Steering and suspension, miscellaneous
Front and rear axle oil

R

R

R

R

Propeller shaft flange torque

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Front and rear propeller shafts

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

Body and chassis

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

Front wheel bearings

Repack bearings when replacing front brake pads.

Power steering fluid

R

R

R

Tires (inspect and rotate)

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Suspension and steering

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Brakes/Clutch
Brake discs; calipers and pads

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Brake drums, wheel cylinders and linings

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Brake lines and hoses

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Parking brake

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Brake pedal play

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Clutch pedal play

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

Clutch pedal spring, bushing and clevis pin

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

Clutch lines and hoses

I

I

I

Check oil and coolant level at each fuel stop.
Under severe driving conditions, service these items more often. These conditions are:

Service for severe driving conditions

 

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