Honda Passport (2002 year). Manual - part 12

 

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Honda Passport (2002 year). Manual - part 12

 

 

174 

Driving Tips

systems, such as the 

SRS

 and

anti-lock brake system.

However, if electronic accessories
are improperly installed, or
exceed your vehicle’s electrical
system capacity, they can interfere
with the operation of your vehicle,
or even cause the airbags to
deploy.

Before installing any accessory:

 Make sure the accessory does

not obscure any lights, or
interfere with proper vehicle
operation or performance.

 Be sure electronic accessories

do not overload electrical
circuits (see page 

240

).

Have the installer contact your
Honda dealer for assistance
before installing any electronic
accessory.

If possible, have your dealer
inspect the final installation.

Modifications

Do not remove any original
equipment or modify your vehicle
in any way that would alter its
design or operation. This could
make your vehicle unsafe and
illegal to drive.

For example, do not make any
modifications that would change
the ride height of your vehicle, or
install wheels and tires with a
different overall diameter.

Such modifications can adversely
affect handling, and interfere with
the operation of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brakes and other
systems.

In addition, any modifications that
decrease ground clearance

increase the chance of
undercarriage parts striking a
curb, speed bump, or other raised
object, which could cause your
airbags to deploy.

Do not modify your steering
wheel or any other part of your
Supplemental Restraint System.
Modifications could make the
system ineffective.

Additional Safety Precaution

Do not attach or place objects on
the airbag covers. Any object
attached to, or placed on, the
covers marked “

SRS

,” in the

center of the steering wheel and
on top of the dashboard, could
interfere with the proper operation
of the airbags. Or, if the airbags
inflate, the objects could be
propelled inside the vehicle and
hurt someone.

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175

Driving Tips

Your vehicle has several
convenient storage areas so you
can stow cargo safely.

The glove box, the console
compartment, and the pockets in
the front doors, seat-backs, and
cargo area are designed for small,
lightweight items. The cargo area
is intended for larger, heavier
items. In addition, the back seat
can be folded down to allow you
to carry more cargo or longer
items.

However, carrying too much
cargo, or improperly storing it,
can affect your vehicle’s handling,
stability, and operation and make
it unsafe. Before carrying any
type of cargo, be sure to read the
following pages.

Carrying Cargo

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176

Driving Tips

Load Limit

The maximum load for your
vehicle is:

LX 2WD

manual trans:

895 lb (407 kg)

automatic trans:

840 lb (382 kg)

LX 4WD

manual trans:

905 lb (411 kg)

automatic trans:

850 lb (386 kg)

EX

manual trans:

930 lb (423 kg)

automatic trans: 875 lb (398 kg)

This figure includes the total weight
of all occupants, cargo, accessories,
and the tongue weight if you are
towing a trailer.

To figure out how much cargo
you can carry:

Add up the weight of all
occupants.

If you are towing a trailer, add
the tongue weight to the
number above.

Subtract the total from the
maximum load figure.

The final number is the total
weight of cargo you can carry.

Overloading or improper
loading can affect handling
and stability and cause a
crash in which you can be
hurt or killed.

Follow all load limits and
other loading guidelines in
this manual.

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177

Driving Tips

Carrying Items in the
Passenger Compartment

 Store or secure all items that

could be thrown around and
hurt someone during a crash.

 Be sure items placed on the

floor behind the front seats
cannot roll under the seats 
and interfere with the driver’s
ability to operate the pedals,
or with the proper operation
of the seats.

 Keep the glove box closed

while driving. If the lid is open,
a passenger’s knees could be
injured during a crash or
sudden stop.

Carrying Cargo in the Cargo
Area or on a Roof Rack

 Distribute cargo evenly on the

floor of the cargo area, placing
the heaviest items on the
bottom and as far forward as
possible.

 If you fold down the back seat,

tie down items that could be
thrown about the vehicle
during a crash or sudden stop.

 If you carry large items that

prevent you from closing the
hatch glass or rear door,
exhaust gas can enter the
passenger area. To avoid the
possibility of carbon monoxide
poisoning, follow the
instructions on page 

47

.

If you carry any items on a roof
rack, be sure the total weight of
the rack and the items does not
exceed 200 lb (90 kg).

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178

Driving Tips

Your Honda vehicle is designed
for passenger and cargo
transportation. With the proper
equipment installed, your vehicle
can also tow a trailer under certain
conditions, as detailed in this
section. Be sure to read this entire
section and follow all
requirements.

Towing a trailer will have an
effect on handling, performance,
braking, durability and fuel
consumption.

Improperly loading your
vehicle and trailer can
seriously affect the steering
and braking performance,
causing a crash in which you
can be seriously injured.

Check the loading of your
vehicle and trailer carefully
before starting to drive.

Honda recommends that you do
not tow a trailer with a new
Honda vehicle or one with a new
powertrain component (engine,
transmission, differential) for the
first 500 miles.

For your safety and the safety
of others, use equipment
specifically designed for your
vehicle. Improper towing
equipment and improper
installation of same can cause
damage to your vehicle and may
also result in personal injury.

Additional care and cautious
driving habits are essential to
trailer towing.

Do not exceed 45 mph or the
posted towing speed limit,
whichever is lower. Higher speed
may cause loss of vehicle control.

Trailer Towing

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179

Driving Tips

Follow the recommendations in
this manual and ask your Honda
dealer for further details before
you tow a trailer with your
Passport.

Towing a trailer affects vehicle
maintenance requirements due
to the additional load. More
frequent maintenance intervals
will be required to assure
continued satisfaction with
your vehicle. Consult your
Honda dealer for recommended
maintenance and service.

The gross trailer weight (trailer
weight plus cargo load) must
never exceed 4,500 lb.

Additional equipment will be
required, depending on the
specific model/load combination.
See “Trailer Hitches” in this
section.

Exceeding the weight limit will
cause damage to your vehicle and
possibly result in personal injury.

The Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating (

GVWR

) is the

combined weight of the
unloaded vehicle, passengers,
cargo, trailer hitch, trailer
tongue load, and optional
equipment. This value is
indicated on the 

F.M.V.S.S.

Certification Label on the
driver’s doorjamb.

The Gross Combined Weight
Rating (

GCWR

) equals the

combined weight of your
vehicle (including passengers
and cargo) plus the total trailer
load. The following limits
apply.

2WD: 8,700 lb
4WD: 8,950 lb

The Gross Axle Weight Rating
(

GAWR

) is also indicated on

the Certification Label. The
load on either the front or rear
axle resulting from distribution
of the gross vehicle weight on
both axles must not exceed the
values listed. Remember to
account for additional
equipment and tongue load.

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180

Driving Tips

Tongue load should be between
9 percent and 11 percent of the
total trailer weight. However, it
should never exceed 450 pounds.

Never load a trailer with more
weight in the rear than in the
front. The front should be
loaded with approximately
60 percent and the rear with
approximately 40 percent of
the total trailer load.

Never exceed the maximum
weight limits of the trailer
or trailer towing equipment.
Improper loading can result in
damage to your vehicle and
possible personal injury.

Check the vehicle and trailer
loading and the weights on
each axle at a commercial scale
or a highway patrol office
equipped with a scale.

Trailer Hitches

A Class 3 hitch kit (up to
4,500 lb) is available from your
Honda dealer.

Use a trailer equipped with
electric brakes and a “Weight
Distributing Hitch Attachment”
when the gross trailer weight
exceeds 3,500 pounds.

A special attachment that replaces
the draw bar/ball assembly is used
to distribute the proper weight to
the front axle. It uses a pair of
spring bars that are adjusted to
accomplish the distribution of the
weight.

Consult your trailer’s
manufacturer for assistance with
selecting the proper weight
distributing hitch attachment.

Check with a recreational vehicle
dealer for additional required
equipment. Have this equipment
installed by a trained mechanic.

Improper equipment or installation
can damage your vehicle and
cause personal injury.

Do not use axle-mounted hitches
or equipment not designed for
your vehicle.

Do not make any modifications to
the vehicle’s exhaust, braking, or
electrical system other than those
that are shown in the instructions
for the Honda Trailer Hitch Kit.
Improper modifications can affect
vehicle durability.

Periodic inspection of all added-
on trailer towing equipment is
necessary to assure continued safe
operation.

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181

Driving Tips

Safety Chain

Always use suitable safety chains
between your vehicle and the
trailer.

Check with your trailer
manufacturer for the required
equipment. Cross the safety
chains under the hitch and attach
them to the trailer hitch hardware.

This will prevent the trailer from
dropping to the ground in the
event the hitch disengages. For
proper use and installation,
consult your trailer manufacturer.

Trailer Lights

Trailer lights and equipment must
comply with federal, state and
local regulations. Check with your
local recreational vehicle dealer
for the requirements in your area.

Use only equipment designed for
your vehicle.

Improper equipment or
installation can cause damage to
your vehicle’s electrical system
and affect your vehicle warranty.
Consult your Honda dealer for
installation.

Tires

Always check the condition of
your vehicle’s tires and trailer’s
tires before operation. Replace
worn or damaged tires before
operation.

Inflate tire pressure to the
recommended cold tire pressure
indicated in the tire
manufacturer’s warranty booklet
in the glove box packet.

Check the tire manufacturer’s
requirements when replacement
tires are installed on your vehicle.
Trailer tire condition, size, load
rating, and proper inflation
pressure should be in accordance
with the tire manufacturer’s
specifications. Improper tire size
and inflation can cause tire
failure, possibly resulting in
vehicle damage and personal
injury.

Trailer Brakes

Trailers with a total weight of
1,000 pounds or more require
trailer brakes. If your trailer is
equipped with a braking system,
make sure it conforms to federal,
state, and local equipment
regulations.

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182

Driving Tips

There are no provisions in your
vehicle to tap into its hydraulic
braking system. Any attempt to
attach the trailer’s brakes to your
vehicle’s hydraulic braking
system, no matter how successful
it may seem, will lower braking
effectiveness and create a
potential hazard.

Equipment Check

Before operating your vehicle,
check all safety equipment to
ensure safe operation. Be sure
your vehicle is properly serviced
to avoid mechanical failure.

Check that your vehicle remains
level when the loaded or unloaded
trailer is hitched. Do not drive if
the rear end of your vehicle is
abnormally higher or lower.
Check for proper tongue weight,
overload, improper weight

distribution, worn suspension, or
other possible causes.

Make sure the trailer load is
properly positioned and secured
so its does not shift around while
driving.

Check if your rearview mirrors
comply with federal, state and
local regulations. If not, confirm
the proper mirrors required for
towing and have them installed.

Perform an equipment check of
all braking, lighting and safety
equipment to ensure they are
working properly.

Your safety depends on proper
operation and installation of
equipment. Never operate a
vehicle with faulty equipment.

Standard on 

4WD models

The limited slip differential is
designed to improve traction by
limiting wheelspin. If one rear
wheel begins to spin on a slippery
surface, the limited slip
differential will automatically
transmit driving force to the other
rear wheel.

Limited Slip Differential

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183

In Case of Emergency

This section covers the most
common problems that motorists
experience with their vehicles. It
gives you information on how to
safely evaluate those problems,
with tips to help get you going
again. Lastly, it tells you how to
have your vehicle towed.

Jump Starting

184

. . . . . . . . . . . . 

Changing a Tire

186

. . . . . . . . . . 

Lifting Points

187

. . . . . . . . . . 

Tool Locations

188

. . . . . . . . . . . 

Engine Overheating

190

. . . . . . . 

Towing 

191

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 

Precautions

191

. . . . . . . . . . . 

Towing Tips

192

. . . . . . . . . . . 

All Four  Wheels
  on the Ground

192

. . . . . . 

Front Wheels
  off the Ground

192

. . . . . . 

Rear Wheels
  off the Ground

193

. . . . . . 

Inoperative Electrical
  Devices

193

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 

 

In Case of Emergency

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184

In Case of Emergency

Do not push or tow your vehicle
to start it. Under some conditions
this may damage the three-way
catalytic converter or other parts
of the vehicle.

If your vehicle has a discharged
battery, it can be started by using
the battery in another vehicle; a
procedure called “jump starting.”

A battery can explode if you
do not follow the correct
procedure, seriously injuring
anyone nearby.

Keep all sparks, open flames,
and smoking materials away
from the battery.

To jump start your vehicle:

1. Position the vehicle with the

good (charged) battery so that
the jump-starting cables will
reach. Do not allow the vehicles
to touch. Check to see that the
bumpers do not touch.

2. Turn off all electric motors

and accessories in both
vehicles. Turn off all lights
except hazard flashers and
lights needed to light up the
work area. Turn off the
ignition, apply the parking
brake firmly, and shift an
automatic transmission to

P

” (Park) and a manual

transmission to “

N

” (Neutral)

in both vehicles.

3. Check fluid level of the

battery before attempting to
charge or jump start. (Do not

use an open flame to check,
and do not smoke.)

CHARGE
TEST
INDICATOR

UPPER
LEVEL

LOWER
LEVEL

CHARGING

NECESSARY

OK

BLUE

COLORLESS

If the battery is a sealed type
and if the fluid level is below
the lower level line on the side
of the battery, do not try to
jump start the vehicle or
charge or test the battery. Do
not add fluid. Instead, install a
new battery.

Jump Starting

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185

In Case of Emergency

 

If a battery sits in extreme cold,
the electrolyte inside can freeze.
Attempting to jump start a frozen
battery can cause it to rupture.

4. Jumper Cable Connection

Instructions:

Make connections 
in numerical order.

DISCHARGED
VEHICLE

CHARGED
VEHICLE

1

st 

CABLE

2

nd

CABLE

Make last connection
on engine away from
the battery.

Do not allow the
vehicles to touch.

2

3

1

4

1

2

and

 Connect the first

jumper cable from the
positive “+” (red) terminal
on one battery to the
positive “+” (red) terminal
on the other battery. Never
connect “+” (red) to “–”
(black) or “–” to “+.”

3

 Next, connect one end

of the second cable to the
grounded negative “–”
(black) terminal of the good
(charged) battery.

4

 Lastly, connect the other

end of the second, grounded
jumper cable to a solid,
stationary, metallic point on
the engine of the vehicle
with the discharged battery

but at a point at least 18
inches (45 cm) away from
the battery. Do not connect
it to pulleys, fans, or other
parts that move. Beware of
touching hot manifolds that
can cause burns. (The
mounting brackets for the
alternator or air
conditioning compressor
generally make a good
point for this final ground
attachment point. Take care
that the jumper cable does
not contact moving parts on
or near the alternator or
compressor.)

5. Start the engine on the vehicle

with the good (charged) battery
and run the engine at moderate
speed.

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186 

In Case of Emergency

6. Start the engine of the vehicle

that has the discharged battery.

7. Remove the battery cables by

reversing the above sequence
exactly. Start by removing the
last clamp first; that is,
remove the jumper cable from
the engine of the vehicle with
the discharged battery as the
first step.

If you have a flat tire while
driving, stop in a safe place to
change it. Stopping in traffic or on
the shoulder of a busy road is
dangerous. Drive slowly along the
shoulder until you get to an exit or
an area to stop that is far away
from the traffic lanes.

The vehicle can easily roll off
the jack, seriously injuring
anyone underneath.

Follow the directions for
changing a tire exactly, and
never get under the vehicle
when it is supported only by
the jack.

1. Park on a level surface and set

the parking brake firmly. Turn
on the hazard warning flasher,
and turn the ignition switch to

LOCK

.

2. Set the automatic transmission

in “Park” (the manual
transmission in “Reverse”)
and transfer case in gear if it
is a four-wheel drive vehicle.

3. Have your passengers get out

of the vehicle.

4. Remove the jacking tools (see

page

 188

) and spare tire from

their stowage areas.

Changing a Tire

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187

In Case of Emergency

5. Block the wheel that is

diagonally opposite the one to
be changed.

6. Loosen, but do not remove,

the wheel nuts by turning the
wrench counterclockwise.

7. There are two jacking points

on each side of the vehicle.
Set the jack in position, as
shown.

JACK BAR

JACK

JACK HANDLE

FRONT

The lift point is the outer bolt
head at the crossmember.

REAR

Under the rear axle
housing near the wheel.

Position the jack at the correct
jack point as shown.

Make sure that the jack is
positioned on a level and solid
surface.

Do not position the jack at any
points other than those specified.

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188

In Case of Emergency

8. Turn the jack handle

clockwise with a slow, smooth
motion to raise the vehicle so
the inflated spare tire will
clear the surface.

9. Remove the wheel nuts and

the wheel.

10. Install the wheel and replace

the wheel nuts with the
cone-shaped end toward the
wheel, then hand-tighten each
nut. The wheel must be seated
on the hub.

11. Lower the vehicle by turning

the jack handle counter-
clockwise, then fully tighten
the wheel nuts in a crisscross
sequence by turning the
wrench clockwise. Have the
wheel nut torque checked at
the nearest automotive service
facility.

87 lb-ft (118 N·m)

12. Stow the jacking tools and flat

tire in their proper locations.

EX model

Use the screwdriver to remove the
center cap from the wheel before
stowing the flat tire.

Loose items can fly around the
interior in a crash and could
seriously injure the occupants.

Store the wheel, jack, and
tools securely before driving.

The jack is stored in a
compartment on the driver’s side
rear wheel panel.

To remove the jack from its
compartment, turn the handle
counterclockwise. Disconnect the
hold-down strap.

Tool Locations

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189

In Case of Emergency

The tire wrench and jack handle
are concealed under the right rear
seat cushion.

UNDERSIDE
OF RIGHT REAR
SEAT CUSHION

TIRE WRENCH AND JACK HANDLE

The screwdriver is stored in a
pouch under the left rear seat
cushion.

LX model

The spare tire is mounted on the
rear door. To remove it, unlock
the spare tire lock (if so
equipped). Use the wheel wrench
to remove the retaining bolts.

When replacing the spare tire,
make sure you put it on the carrier
with the outside of the wheel
facing out. Tighten the bolts
securely.

EX model

The spare tire is stored under the
cargo area floor. To lower it, open
the rear door. Insert the jack
handle between the body and the
top of the rear bumper. Insert the
end of the jack handle into the slot
in the tire winch, then turn the
handle counterclockwise to lower
the tire. Lower the tire to the
ground, then remove the bracket
in the center of the wheel.

Spare Tire Removal

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