Volkswagen Golf GTI (2023 year). Manual in english - page 7

 

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Volkswagen Golf GTI (2023 year). Manual in english - page 7

 

 

If your vehicle has a gasoline engine, only fill it with gasoline that does not contain metal (no lead, manganese, or iron) and that does not have a higher ethanol
content than specified on the fuel information label
The fuel quality affects the performance, output, and life of the engine. Fuel with gasoline that already contains the correct fuel additives
Volkswagen recommends using “TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline”, which is available in some regions, for example North America, Central America and South
America. For more information on “TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline”, visit the official website at:
NOTICE
Using incorrect fuel and unsuitable fuel additives can result in vehicle damage.
Before refueling, check if the fuel standard listed on the fuel pump meets the vehicle specifications.
Only refuel with gasoline that meets or exceeds the specified Research Octane Number (RON).
If necessary, only use service additives approved by Volkswagen in the correct amounts.
NOTICE
If you must fuel your vehicle with gasoline with a lower octane number, this may lead to vehicle damage when driving over a longer period.
Only drive at moderate engine RPM and low engine load.
Avoid high engine speeds and heavy engine load.
Refuel your vehicle with gasoline that meets the required octane rating as soon as possible.
Refueling
Refer to
and Safety precautions for handling fuel.
Fig. 135 Behind the fuel filler flap: fuel tank cap (general example)
Refueling procedure
1. To unlock the fuel filler flap, unlock the vehicle with the
button on the remote control vehicle key Vehicle key functions.
Or: to unlock the fuel filler flap, unlock the vehicle with the
button in the driver door Central locking button.
On vehicles with Keyless Access, the fuel filler flap is automatically unlocked when the vehicle is unlocked.
2. Open the fuel filler flap.
3. Remove the fuel tank cap and insert it into the opening at the fuel filler flap provided for this fig. 135.
4. Hold the fuel pump nozzle handle down to ensure optimum refueling.
The fuel tank is full once the fuel pump nozzle turns off for the first time
5. Screw the fuel tank cap onto the fuel filler neck.
6. Close the fuel filler flap.
Do not continue filling after disconnection. The expansion area in the fuel tank may fill with fuel, e.g. due to heating. This may mean that the fuel overflows or the
automatic ventilation process cannot work Troubleshooting.
WARNING
Fuel may spray out and overflow if the fuel tank is overfilled. This can cause explosions, fires, and serious or fatal injuries.
249
Do not continue filling after the pump nozzle switches off for the first time.
NOTICE
If the tank is not emptied up to the reserve level at regular intervals, it might not be possible to maintain the fuel quality and system function required for driving.
At least every six months, only refuel when the warning light
turns on.
Fuels can contaminate the environment. Collect any leaking operating fluids and dispose of them according to legal regulations.
Exhaust system
Introduction
The exhaust-relevant components reduce exhaust emissions:
Catalytic converter Catalytic converter.
Particulate filter (depending on the vehicle equipment) Particulate filter.
WARNING
If the engine runs in enclosed spaces, poisonous gases may enter the vehicle interior. This can cause serious injuries and result in death through suffocation.
Never start the engine in confined spaces.
Do not allow the engine to run in confined spaces.
Do not leave your vehicle unattended while the engine is running.
WARNING
Hot vehicle components and exhaust can ignite nearby flammable or explosive materials. This can lead to a fire and cause accidents and serious or fatal
injuries.
Park the vehicle in such a way so that no exhaust system components come into contact with flammable materials under the vehicle such as dry grass.
Never use additional underbody protection or corrosion protection on exhaust pipes, catalytic converters, particulate filters or heat shields.
Catalytic converter
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Safety precautions for handling fuel.
To ensure that the exhaust system and the engine catalytic converter can work correctly for a long time, observe the following:
Only refuel with fuel permitted for the vehicle.
Never drive until the fuel tank is completely empty Refueling.
Never add too much engine oil Checking the engine oil level and adding oil .
Do not tow-start the vehicle; use jump-start assistance instead Preparing and Performing a Jump-start.
If there are engine misfires, loss of power, or poor engine operation while driving, reduce the speed immediately and have the vehicle checked by suitably qualified
professionals Troubleshooting. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility. Otherwise,
uncombusted fuel could be present in the exhaust system and then enter the atmosphere. The catalytic converter may also be damaged from overheating.
The exhaust may smell like sulfur when the emissions control system is running correctly.
Particulate filter
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Safety precautions for handling fuel.
Function
The particulate filter (depends on how your vehicle is equipped) filters out soot from the exhaust gas.
Regeneration
With normal vehicle usage, the filter cleans itself. If the filter is unable to clean itself, e.g. if you only make short trips for an extended period of time, the filter can
become blocked with soot. The particulate filter needs to be cleaned (regenerated).
Noises, light odors, and increased engine speeds may occur during the regeneration. The radiator fan may continue to run while driving and after turning off the
engine.
25
To assist in particulate filter regeneration, Volkswagen recommends avoiding driving short distances too frequently.
The soot in the particulate filter is burned periodically at high temperatures. The yellow
indicator light does not turn on during a periodic regeneration.
Troubleshooting
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Safety precautions for handling fuel.
If the engine does not run smoothly and malfunctions
If the engine does not run smoothly or malfunctions while driving, it can indicate poor fuel quality.
1. Reduce your speed immediately.
2. Drive with a moderate RPM and low engine load to the nearest suitably qualified professional. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen
dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
3. If these symptoms occur directly after refueling, stop the engine immediately to prevent subsequent damage.
4.
Do not continue driving! Contact an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility for assistance.
Particulate filter clogged with soot
The yellow indicator light turns on.
The particulate filter is clogged with soot and a regeneration is necessary.
Prerequisite for the regeneration drive: The engine is at operating temperature.
For gasoline engines
1.0 l to 1.8 l
1. Drive at a speed of between 50 km/h and 120 km/h (30 mph and 75 mph).
The resulting temperature increase burns off the soot in the filter.
2. Only end the regeneration drive once the indicator light turns off.
3. If the indicator light is still illuminated after driving for approximately 40 minutes, drive immediately to suitably qualified professionals for assistance. Volkswagen
recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
2.0 l and 3.0 l
1. Drive at a speed of at least 80 km/h (50 mph).
2. Take your foot completely off the accelerator pedal for a few seconds to let the vehicle roll with a gear engaged.
3. Repeat this process of accelerating and letting the vehicle roll until the indicator light turns off.
4. If the indicator light does not turn off after some time, immediately consult an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Exhaust-related malfunction
The yellow indicator light turns on.
An exhaust-related component is malfunctioning, which could damage the vehicle.
1. Contact a suitably qualified professional and have the engine and the exhaust system checked. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen
dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Misfire
The indicator light flashes yellow.
There is misfire which could damage the vehicle.
1. Contact a suitably qualified professional and have the engine and the exhaust system checked. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen
dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
WARNING
Sudden braking or driving maneuvers, e.g. if an indicator light turns on or the engine does not run smoothly, may cause accidents. This can result in serious
injury or death.
Always adapt your speed and driving style to the visibility, weather, road and traffic conditions.
Follow the road traffic laws and regulations that apply in the country you are driving in.
If the indicator lights are on or flashing, it is likely that there is an engine malfunction and that fuel consumption will increase.
251
Do it yourself
Vehicle tool kit
Introduction
When securing the vehicle in the event of a vehicle breakdown, follow the legal regulations applicable in the respective country.
WARNING
A loose tire mobility set, spare wheel, compact spare wheel or vehicle tool kit can be thrown around the vehicle interior during sudden driving or braking
maneuvers or in a collision. This could result in serious or fatal injuries.
Always make sure the vehicle tool kit, tire mobility set, and spare wheel or compact spare wheel are secured in the luggage compartment.
WARNING
Working with an unsuitable or damaged vehicle tool kit may result in accidents. This could result in serious or fatal injuries.
Never work with an unsuitable or damaged vehicle tool kit.
Seek assistance from an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility if there is no suitable vehicle tool kit available.
Placement
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
Introduction.
There are a number of different storage locations for the tool box in the vehicle, such as under the luggage compartment floor or in a side storage compartment of
the luggage compartment.
Depending on the equipment variant, the vehicle may contain a loose box with the vehicle tool kit in the luggage compartment. This supplemental vehicle tool kit is
designed for a possible winter tire change and does not need to be carried in the vehicle at all times page , Stowing luggage and cargo .
If used, crank the vehicle jack back down so that it can be securely stowed in the vehicle.
Vehicle tool kit components
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
Introduction.
The scope of the tool box depends on the country and equipment. The following information describes the full scope of items that may be included.
252
Fig. 136 Vehicle tool kit components (general example).
Screwdriver with hex socket in the handle for removing or installing loose wheel bolts. The screwdriver blade is reversible. The screwdriver may be located
under the lug wrench.
Crank.
Extraction hook for removing the center wheel covers, wheel hub covers, or wheel bolt covers.
Lug wrench.
Adapter for the anti-theft wheel bolt. Volkswagen recommends always keeping the adapter for the wheel bolts in the vehicle with the vehicle tool kit. The code
number for the wheel bolt lock is stamped on the front of the adapter. A replacement adapter can be ordered based on this number if the adapter is lost. Note
the wheel bolt lock code number and keep it separate from the vehicle.
Towing eye that can be screwed in.
Vehicle jack. Before putting the vehicle jack away, crank the vehicle jack claw all the way down.
Tire Pressure Gage
In some countries, there may also be a tire pressure gauge in the vehicle.
253
Fig. 137 Additional vehicle tool kit component (general example).
Tire pressure gage (depending on the country).
Yack maintenance
If there is a jack included in the vehicle tool kit, the jack generally does not require maintenance.
1. If necessary, apply universal lubricant to the jack.
Windshield wipers
Putting the windshield wipers in the service position
In the service position, the wiper arms can be lifted off of the windshield.
Fig. 138 Windshield wipers in service position (general example).
Activate the service position using the windshield wiper lever
1. Close the hood, driver and front passenger door.
2. Switch the ignition off and on again.
3. Briefly press the windshield wiper lever towards “one-tap wiping”
Operating the windshield wiper lever .
Activate the service position using the exit menu
The service position of the wiper blades can also be activated in the exit menu for a limited period of time. To do this, the ignition must be switched off.
Lifting the windshield wiper arms
254
1. Move the windshield wiper arms into the service position before lifting
2. Only hold and lift wiper arms in the area where they attach to the wiper blade.
Placing the windshield wiper arms back
1. Before driving, carefully place the wiper arms back against the windshield, holding them only in the area where they attach to the wiper blade.
2. When the ignition is switched on, press the windshield wiper lever briefly towards “one-tap wiping”.
The wiper arms move back to the original position.
NOTICE
Failing to take care when working on the wiper arms can damage the hood, windshield, or wiper arms.
Lift the wiper arms with care, and only in the service position.
Never open the hood when the wiper arms are raised up.
Always place the wiper arms carefully against the windshield before driving.
Cleaning and changing wiper blades
Wiper blades with a graphite coating are installed at the factory. The graphite coating allows the wiper blade to glide easily over the window. A damaged graphite
coating creates an increased noise level when wiping the window.
Check the condition of the wiper blades regularly. If wiper blades are rubbing, replace them if they are damaged or clean them if they are dirty
Damaged wiper blades should be replaced immediately. Wiper blades can be obtained from suitably qualified professionals. Volkswagen recommends contacting
an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Cleaning the wiper blades
Windshield wiper: Move the windshield wiper arms into the service position before lifting.
1. Lift the wiper arms, making sure to only hold the wiper arms in the area where they attach to the wiper blade.
2. Clean the wiper blades carefully with a damp sponge
3. Place the wiper arms carefully on the windshield.
Changing the windshield wiper blades
Fig. 139 Changing the windshield wiper blades.
Wiper blade release button.
1. Move the windshield wiper arms into the service position before lifting.
2. Lift the wiper arms, making sure to only hold the wiper arms in the area where they attach to the wiper blade.
3. Press and hold the release button and remove the wiper blade at the same time in the direction of the arrow fig. 139
4. Insert a new wiper blade of the same length and type on the respective wiper arm until it engages.
5. Place the wiper arms carefully on the windshield.
Changing the rear window wiper blade
255
Fig. 140 Changing the rear window wiper blade.
Wiper blade release button.
1. To lift a windshield wiper arm, hold it only in the area where it attaches to the wiper blade.
2. Lift the wiper arm and fold it out.
3. Press and hold the release button fig. 140
4. Tilt the wiper blade toward the wiper arm fig. 140
while removing it in the direction of the arrow
. You may need to use more force to do this.
5. Slide a new wiper blade with the same length and design onto the wiper arm in the opposite direction to the arrow until it engages fig. 140 . For this to wor
the wiper blade has to be folded out fig. 140
6. Place the wiper arm carefully on the rear window.
WARNING
Worn or dirty wiper blades reduce visibility and increase the risk of accidents and serious injuries.
Always clean dirty wiper blades.
Always replace wiper blades if they are damaged or worn and are no longer cleaning the window glass sufficiently.
NOTICE
Cleaning wiper blades or door windows with unsuitable cleaning agents may cause damage.
Do not clean the wiper blades and windshield and windows with fuel, nail polish remover, paint thinner, or other similar fluids.
Do not clean the wiper blades with rough sponges or other sharp objects.
If there is wax residue on the windshield and rear window from car wash systems and other products, this can cause the windshield wipers to rub. Remove any
wax residue with a special cleaner or cleaning towels.
Exterior lighting
Introduction
Before performing bulb replacement, check if it is an incandescent bulb or an LED light. Generally, light bulbs can be replaced by yourself. If the exterior lighting on
your vehicle is equipped with LED technology, it is not possible to change LED lights or individual LEDs by yourself. The malfunction of individual LEDs may be an
indication that more LEDs will malfunction. If this is the case, have the LEDs checked and/or replaced if necessary by suitably qualified professionals. Volkswagen
recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Driving with exterior lighting that is inoperative may be against the law.
Additional bulb specifications
Some bulbs may have certain manufacturer specifications that differ from conventional light bulbs. The respective name will be on the bulb socket or glass bulb.
WARNING
If the vehicle lighting is not used appropriately for the weather conditions, the road will not be illuminated sufficiently. The vehicle will not be visible to other road
users or will be difficult to see. This can cause accidents and serious or fatal injuries.
Regularly check the vehicle's lighting system and turn signals.
256
Repair the lighting system and turn signals when necessary.
WARNING
Work in the engine compartment can result in accidents and serious injuries if bulb replacements are carried out incorrectly.
Always follow the tasks described and observe the general safety precautions.
Never perform a bulb replacement if you are not familiar with the required activities.
If you are not sure how to carry out a bulb replacement, have the work required carried out by suitably qualified professionals. Volkswagen recommends
contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
WARNING
During the bulb replacement, the sharp-edged parts of bulb housings and hot or exploding bulbs can cause serious injuries.
Only change bulbs when they have cooled down completely.
Always protect your hands during bulb replacement.
NOTICE
Water entering the headlight housing can damage the electrical system.
After a bulb replacement, always fit the covers on the headlight housing.
After installation, always check that the covers have been secured correctly.
Information on bulb replacement
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
Always perform the following activities for bulb replacement in the specified sequence
:
1. Park the vehicle a safe distance away from moving traffic on level and solid ground as soon as possible.
2. Set the electronic parking brake.
3. Switch the lights off.
4. Turn off the turn signal if it is activated.
5. Vehicles with an automatic transmission: Engage the parking lock
6. Switch the ignition off.
7. Vehicles with manual transmission: Select a gear.
8. Allow the orientation lighting to turn off.
9. Allow the affected light bulbs to cool down.
10. Check if you can see that a fuse is burnt out
Introduction.
11. Change the affected light bulb according to the instructions
A light bulb may only be replaced with the same type of light bulb. The respective name will be on the bulb socket or glass bulb.
Never touch a glass light bulb with bare hands. The fingerprints left behind would vaporize from the heat when the bulb is switched on and condense on the
reflector, which would then reduce the headlight brightness.
12. Check the bulb function after a bulb is changed.
If the bulb does not function, the bulb may not have been inserted correctly, may have fallen out, or the connector may not have been plugged in correctly.
13. After every bulb replacement in the front of the vehicle, have the headlight adjustment checked by an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen
Service Facility. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
WARNING
If the steps described for the bulb replacement are ignored, accidents may occur. Serious injuries may result.
Always follow the tasks described and observe the general safety precautions.
NOTICE
Removing and inserting trim panels and headlights incorrectly can damage the vehicle paint and body.
257
Always be careful when removing and inserting the trim panels and headlights.
Replacing bulbs in LED headlights
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
Preparations
Only perform these activities in the specified order:
1. Refer to the information on bulb replacement and carry out the activities.
2. Open the hood.
The headlight does not need to be removed for bulb replacement.
Replacing a bulb in a turn signal
Fig. 141 In the right-side of the engine compartment: Rear side of the headlights.
Turn signal bulb holder cover.
Turn signal bulb holder.
1. Remove the rubber cover fig. 141
2. Pull out the lamp holder by the handle in the direction of the arrow fig. 141 . At the same time, press the handle slightly up and down alternately, in order to
aid removal.
3. Replace the burned out bulb with a new bulb that is identical to the one being replaced.
4. Carefully insert the lamp holder in the headlight and press it forwards until it perceptibly engages fig. 141
5. Press around the circumference of the rubber cover.
6. Close the hood.
The figures show the right headlight. The left headlight is structured as its mirror image.
Replacing fuses
Introduction
Due to the constant development of the vehicle, equipment-dependent fuse allocations, and the combined protection of multiple electrical equipment items using
one fuse, a complete overview of the fuse layout is not available at the time of print. Detailed information about fuse allocations can be obtained from suitably
qualified professionals. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Generally, multiple electrical equipment items can be protected together through by fuse. On the other hand, some equipment items may use multiple fuses.
Only replace fuses if the cause for the malfunction has been fixed. If a new fuse blows again after a short time, the electrical system must be checked by suitably
qualified professionals. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
WARNING
The high voltage in the electrical system may cause electric shocks and severe burns. Contact with electric wires in the ignition system may result in serious or
258
fatal injuries.
Never touch the electrical wires in the ignition system.
WARNING
Using unsuitable fuses, repairing fuses, and bridging a power circuit without fuses can cause severe damage or fires within the vehicle. This could result in
serious or fatal injuries.
Replace fuses only with fuses of same rating and size. Make sure that the color and label are identical to the faulty fuse.
Never repair fuses.
Never use metal strips, paper clips or similar objects as substitutes for fuses.
NOTICE
Changing a fuse when the ignition is switched on, the engine is running, the light is switched on, or other electrical equipment is switched on could cause
damage to the electrical system.
Switch off the engine and turn off the light and other electrical equipment.
Make sure that the engine cannot be started while a fuse is being replaced.
NOTICE
If a fuse is replaced by another fuse with a higher amp rating, this could also damage the vehicle's electrical system in another location.
Never replace a fuse with a fuse that has a higher current rating.
NOTICE
Dirt and moisture in the fuse boxes can damage the electrical system.
Protect open fuse boxes from dirt and moisture.
Avoid short circuits in the electrical system.
Check that the fuse box covers are tightly sealed again and are not damaged.
There are more fuses in the vehicle than are specified in this chapter. These should only be replaced by an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized
Volkswagen Service Facility qualified in this respect. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service
Facility.
Fuses in the engine compartment
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
Opening the fuse box in the engine/motor compartment
259
Fig. 142 In the engine compartment: Fuse box.
Fuse box cover.
The plastic pliers for removing fuses can be found on the inside of the fuse box cover or on the fuse panel.
Removing the cover
1. Open the hood.
2. Press the catches in the direction of the arrow to unlock the fuse box cover fig. 142
3. Remove the cover upward.
Fitting the cover
1. Place the cover onto the fuse box.
2. Push the cover downwards until it audibly clicks into place on both sides.
Fuse table for fuses in the engine compartment
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
The list shows the fuse locations for the equipment relevant to the driver. The first column of the table contains the fuse location; the other columns include the rated
current, fuse version and the protected equipment.
Depending on the country and the vehicle equipment, there may be differences from the fuse numbers and fuse locations listed in the table. If necessary, ask for th
exact fuse assignment from suitably qualified professionals. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen
Service Facility.
Fuse assignment
Fig. 143 Fuse locations in the engine compartment.
Fuse location fig. 143:
F9
15 A, ATO®, horn.
F10
30 Amp, ATO®, windshield wipers.
26
7.5 Amp, ATO®, brake light sensor.
F31
Fuses in the instrument panel
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
Opening the fuse box in the instrument panel
Fig. 144 On the instrument panel on the driver's side: Fuse box cover (left-hand drive vehicles).
Removing the cover
1. Reach behind the cover and pull it off in the direction of the arrow fig. 144.
Fitting the cover
1. Position the cover starting with the opposite side and push it closed in the opposite direction to the arrow until you hear it click into place.
Opening the fuse box in the instrument panel
Fig. 145 On the passenger's side on the instrument panel: Fuse box cover in the instrument panel (right-hand drive vehicles).
Damper element.
Stop pin.
Removing the cover
1. Open the glove compartment and empty it if necessary.
2. Push the damper element up and into the opening in the bracket, before pulling it out sideways fig. 145
3. Push the catches up in the direction of the arrow while at the same time opening the storage compartment further fig. 145
Fitting the cover
261
1. Move the storage compartment into position.
2. Fit the damper element into the opening in the bracket and push it down until you hear it click into place.
3. Push the storage compartment carefully forwards past the resistance of the stop pin fig. 145
Fuse table for fuses in the instrument panel
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
The list shows the fuse locations for the equipment relevant to the driver. The first column of the table contains the fuse location; the other columns include the rated
current, fuse version and the protected equipment.
Depending on the country and the vehicle equipment, there may be differences from the fuse numbers and fuse locations listed in the table. If necessary, ask for th
exact fuse assignment from suitably qualified professionals. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen
Service Facility.
Fuse assignment
Fig. 146 Fuse assignment in the instrument panel.
Fuse location fig. 146:
F6
30 Amp, ATO®, interior lighting.
F7
30 Amp, ATO®, seat heating.
F8
20 A, ATO®, electrical tilting and sliding panoramic sunroof.
F12
40 A, MAXI+®, exterior lighting (right-side).
F13
40 A, MAXI+®, central locking.
F20
7.5 Amp, MINI®, telephone.
F30
20 A, ATO®, Infotainment system scope.
F32
25 Amp, ATO®, rear seat heating.
262
F35
40 A, MAXI+®, exterior lighting (left-side).
F36
40 A, MAXI+®, blower regulator.
F40
7.5 Amp, MINI®, anti-theft alarm system.
F42
7.5 Ampere, MINI®, selector mechanism for the automatic gearbox.
F43
10 amp, MINI®, climate control bar, rear window defroster relay.
F44
7.5 Amp, MINI®, light switch (low beam), rain/light sensor, electronic parking brake.
F46
7.5 Amp, MINI®, Display, Infotainment system control panel.
F52
20 A, ATO®, cigarette lighter, socket
F66
15 Amp, ATO®, rear window wiper.
F67
30 A, MAXI+®, rear window heating.
Power windows and seats can be protected by circuit breakers, which switch back on automatically several seconds after correcting the overload, for example
when power windows are frozen shut.
2) Note the installation position. Factory-standard fuse location as shown in the illustration.
Replacing blown fuses
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
Preparations
1. Switch off the ignition, lights and all electrical equipment.
Detecting blown fuses
Fig. 147 Blown fuse (general example).
1. Shine a flashlight on the fuses.
A blown fuse can be recognized from above and from the side through the transparent casing, as its metal strip will be burnt through fig. 147.
Fuse versions
Standard flat connector fuse (ATO®).
Small flat connector fuse (MINI®).
Large flat blade fuse (MAXI® or MAXI+®).
Fuse color codes
Fuses (ATO® - MINI® - MAXI® or MAXI+®).
Color
Current rating
Black
1 A
Purple
3 A
263
5 A
Orange
Brown
7.5 A
Red
10 A
Blue
15 A
Yellow
20 A
White or clear
25 A
Green
30 A
Light green 40 A
Replacing fuses
Fig. 148 Plastic pliers for removing or installing a fuse (general example).
1. If necessary, remove the plastic tongs from either the fuse box or the cover of the fuse box fig. 148.
2. Depending on the design of the fuse, slide the appropriately sized clamp on the plastic pliers onto the fuse from above or from the side.
3. Remove the fuse.
4. If a fuse is blown, replace with a fuse with the same rating (same color and same label) and the same size
5. After inserting the new fuse, place the plastic pliers back in the cover, if necessary.
6. Reinstall the cover or close the fuse box cover.
NOTICE
If a fuse is replaced by a fuse with a higher current rating, this could damage the electrical system in another location.
Never replace a fuse with a fuse that has a higher current rating.
Yump-starting
Introduction
For technical reasons the vehicle must not be tow-started
. If the engine cannot start because the 12 V vehicle battery is dead, the 12 V vehicle battery on
another vehicle can be used to start your vehicle.
For vehicles with a 12 V vehicle battery in the vehicle interior or luggage compartment, the jumper cables may only be connected to the jump-start points in the
engine compartment.
WARNING
Using jumper cables incorrectly and performing a jump-start incorrectly could cause the 12 V vehicle battery to explode. Serious injuries may result.
Always read and heed the warnings and safety precautions before working on the 12 V vehicle battery
Introduction.
Never confuse the positive battery terminal with the negative battery terminal.
264
Never jump-start a vehicle with a frozen or thawed 12 V vehicle battery.
WARNING
During a jump-start, a highly explosive gas mixture builds up at the 12 V vehicle battery. Sparks produced during a jump-start could ignite the flammable gas.
Serious injuries may result.
Always keep fires, sparks, open flames, and lit cigarettes far away from the 12 V vehicle battery.
Avoid discharging static electricity near the 12 V vehicle battery.
NOTICE
Tow-starting can cause severe damage to the vehicle.
Jump-start the vehicle to start the engine.
NOTICE
A drained 12 V vehicle battery can freeze, be damaged and fail at temperatures around approx. 0 °C (approx. +32 °F).
Always replace a frozen or thawed 12 V vehicle battery.
Ground jump-start point
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
Fig. 149 In the engine compartment: Negative terminal jump-start point.
The jump-start point (negative terminal) is for connecting the black jumper cable fig. 149.
The vehicle can give and receive a jump-start using this negative terminal jump-start point.
Preparing and Performing a Yump-start
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
Preparations
Observe the following for jump-starting:
Wear suitable eye protection and safety gloves
Pay attention to the operating instructions provided by the manufacturer of the jump-start cables.
Open the hood.
Always use a jumper cable with fully insulated terminal clamps and without any insulation defects for jump-starting
Ensure that there is sufficient distance between the vehicle providing the jump-start and the vehicle receiving the jump-start, otherwise current could already
flow when connecting the positive battery terminals.
Make sure the terminal clamps have sufficient contact with metal.
265
Yumper cable
So that vehicles can be jump-started and can jump-start others, an appropriate jumper cable is required.
The following jumper cable wire diameters must not be fallen short of by the vehicle providing the jump-start.
2
Vehicles with electric drivetrain: To jump-start the vehicle with a drained 12 V vehicle battery, the wire diameter of the jumper cable must be at least 25 mm
(0.038 in2).
Vehicles with hybrid drive: To jump-start the vehicle with a drained 12 V vehicle battery, the wire diameter of the jumper cable must be at least 25 mm
2
(0.038 in2).
2
Vehicles with a gasoline engine: To jump-start the vehicle with a drained 12 V vehicle battery, the wire diameter of the jumper cable must be at least 25 mm
(0.038 in2).
Vehicles with a diesel engine: To jump-start the vehicle with a drained 12 V vehicle battery, the wire diameter of the jumper cable must be at least 35 mm
2
(0.054 in2).
Vehicle Receiving the Yump-start
1. Check that the discharged 12 V vehicle battery is properly connected to the 12 V vehicle electrical system.
2. If a 12 V vehicle battery with a viewing window has been installed, check the color of the viewing window. If the viewing window is light yellow or has no color,
do not perform a jump-start and contact an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Vehicle Providing the Yump-start
1. Pay attention to the operating instructions provided by the vehicle manufacturer.
2. Check that the battery providing the jump-start has the same voltage (12 V) and approximately the same battery capacity as the discharged 12 V vehicle
battery. Pay attention to the information printed on the battery of the vehicle providing the jump-start.
Yump-starting
Fig. 150 Diagram for connecting the jumper cables.
Positive battery terminal of the vehicle receiving the jump-start.
Positive battery terminal of the vehicle providing the jump-start.
Suitable negative terminal of the vehicle providing the jump-start: Preferably a jump-start point (negative connection), a large metal part that is bolted securely
to the engine block, or the engine block itself.
Jump-start point (negative terminal) of the vehicle receiving the jump-start.
Only connect the jumper cables in the sequence A - B - C - D fig. 150.
1. Switch the ignition off on both vehicles.
2. In the engine compartment, open the cover on the positive battery terminal (+) of the 12 V vehicle battery, if fitted.
3. Connect one end of the red jumper cable to the positive battery terminal (+) of the 12 V vehicle battery with the discharged 12 V vehicle battery fig. 150
4. Connect the other end of the red jumper cable to the positive battery terminal (+) on the vehicle providing current fig. 150
5. Connect one end of the black jumper cable preferably to the negative terminal (-) jump-start point on the vehicle with the 12 V vehicle battery providing current
fig. 150
Or: If there is no negative terminal (-) jump-start point, connect the end of the black jumper cable to a large metal part that is bolted securely to the engine
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block, or the engine block itself, on the vehicle with the 12 V vehicle battery providing current fig. 150
6. Connect the other end of the black jumper cable to the negative terminal (-) jump-start point on the vehicle with the discharged 12 V vehicle battery fig. 150
7. Route the jumper cables so that they cannot become caught in moving parts in the engine compartment.
Start the engine
1. Start the engine in the vehicle that is providing current and allow it to idle.
2. Wait a few minutes and then start the vehicle's engine with the discharged 12 V vehicle battery. If the engine does not start, stop the starting process after ten
seconds, and try again after approximately one minute.
If the engine still will not start, contact an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Removing the jumper cables
1. Before disconnecting the jumper cables, switch off the low beam headlight if necessary.
2. In the vehicle with the drained 12 V vehicle battery, switch on the blower for the air conditioner and the rear window defroster. This will reduce any voltage
surges that may occur when disconnected.
3. Once the vehicle has been jump-started, always disconnect the jumper cables in the order D - C - B - A fig. 150.
4. Close the cover of the positive terminal (+), if fitted.
After successful jump-starting, have the 12 V vehicle battery checked by an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility. Volkswagen
recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
WARNING
Performing a jump-start incorrectly can cause the 12 V vehicle battery to explode, which can cause serious injuries.
Always wear suitable eye protection and safety gloves.
Never lean over the 12 V vehicle battery.
Always connect the positive cable first and then the negative cable.
Never connect the negative terminal to parts of the fuel system or to the brake lines.
Ensure that there is no contact between the non-insulated parts of the terminal clamps.
Make sure the cable insulation is free from any defects.
Make sure that the cable that is connected to the positive battery terminal on the 12 V vehicle battery does not come into contact with any vehicle
components that conduct electricity.
NOTICE
A drained 12 V vehicle battery can freeze at temperatures around approx. 0 °C (approx. +32 °F), suffer damage and fail.
Always replace a frozen or thawed 12 V vehicle battery.
Towing
Introduction
Towing requires practice, particularly if a towing cable is used. Both drivers should be familiar with the special considerations when towing. Inexperienced drivers
should not tow.
Follow all applicable laws when towing.
Always make sure the towing force does not exceed the permitted level and there are no shock loading conditions. There is always the risk of the coupling becomin
overloaded when driving off-road.
WARNING
The vehicle handling and braking efficiency will change considerably when it is towed. This may cause you to lose control of the vehicle and result in accidents
and serious or fatal injuries.
Bear in mind that more force is required for steering and braking during towing.
WARNING
If a vehicle that has no electrical power is towed, the electronic steering lock may suddenly engage. If this happens, you will not be able to move the steering
wheel. This can cause accidents and serious or fatal injuries.
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Never turn off the ignition with the starter button while towing.
If the vehicle loses power while it is being towed, stop towing the vehicle immediately and see an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized
Volkswagen Service Facility for assistance.
NOTICE
When pushing the vehicle by hand, the taillights, side spoiler on the rear window and large sections of sheet metal could be damaged and the rear spoiler could
detach.
When pushing the vehicle by hand, do not press on the taillights, side spoiler on the rear window, large sections of sheet metal, or the rear spoiler.
Towing
Towing refers to using a vehicle to pull another vehicle that cannot be driven.
The vehicle can be towed using a tow bar or tow rope:
The maximum permissible speed is 50 km/h (30 mph).
The maximum permissible distance is 50 km/h (30 miles).
The easiest and safest way to tow is using a tow bar. You should use a towing cable only if a tow bar is not available. The towing cable should be elastic to protect
both vehicles. Use a cable made of synthetic rubber or a similar elastic material.
Towing with a tow truck
If your vehicle will be raised by one axle when towing, only the axle listed below may be raised, depending on the transmission and engine combination:
Front-wheel drive
Automatic transmission
Front axle
Manual transmissionFront axle
All-wheel drive (4MOTION)
Automatic transmission
Front axle
Manual transmission Front axle
WARNING
Vehicle components can be badly damaged by incorrectly attached tow ropes or tow bars. This increases the risk of accident and could result in serious or fatal
injuries.
Only ever secure the vehicle to be recovered and towed at the points designed for this purpose.
Never secure the tow rope or the tow bar to axle or suspension components.
Contact an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility and have the vehicle taken away on a tow truck, if necessary.
For R models, the vehicle must not be towed with a raised axle and, in case of damage, must be transported away with all four wheels on a tow truck
NOTICE
Towing vehicles with all-wheel drive (4MOTION) and sport differential with the axle raised can cause serious damage to the vehicle.
Have the immobilized vehicle towed with all four wheels on a tow truck.
Instructions for towing
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
A vehicle being towed can still signal a turn using the turn signals even if the emergency flashers are switched on. To do this when the ignition is switched on,
activate the turn signal for the desired direction. The emergency flashers will stop while the turn signal is active. The emergency flashers will automatically activate
again once the turn signal and high beam lever returns to the neutral position.
When may this vehicle not be towed?
The vehicle must not be towed in the following situations:
If the 12 V vehicle battery is drained.
The indicator in the instrument cluster display does not function perfectly.
If the towing distance is greater than 50 km/h (30 miles).
With a manual transmission, the clutch cannot be depressed completely and it is not possible to shift into neutral.
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The selector lever of the automatic transmission cannot be moved to neutral (position N).
The electronic parking brake cannot be released.
The steering lock cannot be released.
If the wheel clearance or the steering function can no longer be secured after an accident.
If the vehicle cannot be towed on its own wheels due to one of the conditions listed, contact professional assistance and have the vehicle transported by a tow truck
if necessary.
Towing
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
Secure the tow rope or tow bar only at the permitted points:
Towing lug.
WARNING
Vehicle components can be badly damaged by incorrectly attached tow ropes or tow bars. This increases the risk of accident and could result in serious or fatal
injuries.
Only ever secure the vehicle to be recovered and towed at the points designed for this purpose.
Never secure the tow rope or the tow bar to axle or suspension components.
Contact an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility and have the vehicle taken away on a tow truck, if necessary.
Preparations
Make sure the tow rope is not twisted. Otherwise it could disconnect from the towing eye while towing.
Switch the ignition and emergency flashers on in both vehicles. However, do not do this if it is prohibited by law.
Read and comply with the information and instructions for towing given in the Owner's Manual for the other vehicle.
Towing vehicle (front)
1. Only start to drive when the tow rope is taut.
2. Be especially careful when accelerating.
3. Avoid sudden braking and driving maneuvers.
4. Do not exceed the permitted towing weight of the vehicle.
5. For vehicles with a manual transmission: Engage the clutch very gently when pulling away.
Vehicle being towed (rear)
1. Make sure the ignition is always switched on so that the steering wheel is not locked and so that the turn signal and windshield wiper can be used if needed.
The brake booster and power steering only work when the engine is running. Otherwise, the brake pedal needs to be pressed much harder and more force is
required to steer.
2. Make sure the vehicle key is always in the vehicle during the towing process
Introduction.
3. For vehicles with an automatic gearbox: Select gear
For vehicles with a manual transmission: Disengage the gear.
4. Release the electronic parking brake.
5. Make sure the tow rope is always taut.
NOTICE
If the battery charge level of the 12 V vehicle battery is insufficient, you will not be able to release the electronic parking brake and steering lock. The vehicle
may be damaged when towed.
To release the electronic parking brake and steering lock, put the vehicle into drive-ready mode, if necessary by means of a jump-start if there is a loss of
power or malfunctions.
Contact an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility and have the vehicle taken away on a tow truck, if necessary.
Installing the front towing eye
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
Depending on the country and vehicle equipment, the mount for the towing eye is situated behind the bumper cover.
1. Before having it towed, check that your vehicle has a threaded mount for the towing eye.
2. Read and heed the information about towing.
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3. Otherwise, contact an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility and have the vehicle taken away by a tow truck if necessary.
The towing eye must always be kept in the vehicle
NOTICE
Using a towing eye that is not suitable for the vehicle can damage the vehicle.
When towing, always use the towing eye enclosed with your own vehicle in the vehicle tool kit, or another suitable towing eye.
Installing the front towing eye
Fig. 151 In the right front bumper: Remove the cover, variant 1.
Fig. 152 In the right front bumper: Remove the cover, variant 2.
Fig. 153 In the right front bumper: Screw in the towing eye, variant 1.
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Fig. 154 In the right front bumper: Screw in the towing eye, variant 2.
1. Remove the towing eye from the vehicle tool kit in the luggage compartment.
2. Press on the marked area of the cover in the direction of the arrow to release the catch on the cover fig. 151.
3. Remove the cover, let it hang from the vehicle or place it in the vehicle if necessary
4. Rotate the towing eye in the direction of the arrow as far as possible to install it in the mount fig. 153 , . Use a suitable object to tighten the towing eye
completely and securely in the mount.
5. After the vehicle has been towed, unscrew the towing eye with a suitable object in the opposite direction to the arrow.
6. Insert the cap into the respective opening and press in until it engages.
7. If necessary, clean the towing eye and return it to the vehicle tool kit in the luggage compartment.
NOTICE
If the towing eye is not fully and tightly screwed into the mount, it may tear out of the mount when towing the vehicle. Tearing out the towing eye may cause
damage to the vehicle.
Always screw the towing eye completely and securely into the mount.
NOTICE
Removing and fitting the cover and towing eye incorrectly may cause damage to the vehicle's paint and body.
Always remove and fit the cover and towing eye carefully.
Installing the rear towing eye
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
and Introduction.
Depending on the country and vehicle equipment, the mount for the towing eye is situated behind the bumper cover.
1. Before having it towed, check that your vehicle has a threaded mount for the towing lug.
2. Read and heed the information about towing.
3. Otherwise, contact an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility and have the vehicle taken away by a tow truck if necessary.
The towing eye must always be kept in the vehicle
NOTICE
Using a towing eye that is not suitable for the vehicle can damage the vehicle.
When towing, always use the towing eye enclosed with your own vehicle in the vehicle tool kit, or another towing eye suitable for the vehicle.
Installing the rear towing eye
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Fig. 155 In the right rear bumper: Remove the cover, variant 1.
Fig. 156 In the right rear bumper: Remove the cover, variant 2.
Fig. 157 In the right rear bumper: Screw in towing eye, variant 1.
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Fig. 158 In the right rear bumper: Screw in towing eye, variant 2.
1. Remove the towing eye from the vehicle tool kit in the luggage compartment.
2. Press on the marked area of the cover in the direction of the arrow to release the catch on the cover fig. 155.
3. Remove the cover, let it hang from the vehicle or place it in the vehicle if necessary
4. Rotate the towing eye in the direction of the arrow as far as possible to install it in the mount fig. 157 , . Use a suitable object to tighten the towing eye
completely and securely in the mount.
5. After the vehicle has been towed, unscrew the towing eye with a suitable object in the opposite direction to the arrow.
6. Insert the cap into the respective opening and press in until it engages.
7. If necessary, clean the towing eye and return it to the vehicle tool kit in the luggage compartment.
NOTICE
If the towing eye is not fully and tightly screwed into the mount, it may tear out of the mount when towing the vehicle. Tearing out the towing eye may cause
damage to the vehicle.
Always screw the towing eye completely and securely into the mount.
NOTICE
Removing and fitting the cover and towing eye incorrectly may cause damage to the vehicle's paint and body.
Always remove and fit the cover and towing eye carefully.
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Checking and filling
In the engine compartment
Safety precautions for working in the engine compartment
The engine compartment is a potentially dangerous area in the vehicle. Only perform work in the engine compartment if you are familiar with the necessary activitie
and the general safety precautions, and if the correct operating equipment, fluids and suitable tools are available. Work performed incorrectly can result in serious
injuries
. Have all work performed by suitably qualified professionals if necessary. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or
authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
WARNING
The engine compartment is a dangerous area. Any work in the engine compartment could lead to accidents and serious or fatal injuries.
Always work as cautiously and carefully as possible.
Only perform work in the engine compartment if you are familiar with the required activities.
If you are not sure how to do the work in the engine compartment, go to an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Before working in the engine compartment, apply the electronic parking brake and move the selector lever to the position or move the gearshift lever
into the neutral position.
Switch off the ignition and store the vehicle key securely and far enough away from the vehicle to ensure that the engine cannot be started accidentally.
Never touch hot components in the engine.
Do not leave any items, such as cleaning cloths or tools, in the engine compartment.
Always keep children away from the engine compartment and never leave them unattended.
WARNING
The engine compartment contains moving components. When working in the engine compartment, particularly when starting the vehicle or if the engine is
running, contact with moving parts, e.g. fan blades in the radiator fan, may cause serious or fatal injuries.
Never reach into the radiator fan or into the area near the radiator fan, even if the engine is switched off or the ignition is switched off. The ventilator is
temperature-controlled and may switch on by itself.
To reduce the risk of anything becoming caught in engine components, always remove any jewelry and/or ties, tie back long hair, and avoid wearing
loose-fitting clothing when performing work.
Always press the accelerator pedal extremely carefully and never press it without paying close attention. The vehicle could begin moving, even if the
electronic parking brake is set.
WARNING
Escaping hot steam or hot coolant and hot components may cause serious burns.
Never open or close the hood if steam or engine coolant is escaping.
Always wait until you can no longer see or hear steam or engine coolant escaping from the engine compartment.
WARNING
The engine cooling system is under pressure when the engine is hot. If the cover is opened carelessly, coolant may spray out and cause serious burns or fatal
injuries.
Never open the cap on the coolant expansion tank when the engine is hot.
Always protect your face, hands and arms from hot coolant or steam with a large, thick cloth if you have to open the cover of the coolant tank.
Slowly and very carefully turn the cap on the coolant expansion tank counterclockwise while pressing down lightly on the cap.
WARNING
Additional insulation, such as covers in the engine compartment or discarded items such as cleaning cloths or tools, can cause malfunctions, damage to the
engine, or fires. This could result in serious or fatal injuries.
Never cover the engine with blankets or other insulating materials.
Never leave items in the engine compartment.
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Always make sure the vehicle is parked on a solid and level surface before performing any work in the engine compartment
WARNING
If the vehicle is not secured against rolling away during maintenance procedures, the vehicle may move unintentionally. This could result in accidents and
serious or fatal injuries.
Manually deactivate the start-stop system.
Never work under the vehicle if it is not correctly secured against rolling away.
If working under the vehicle with the wheels touching the floor, ensure the vehicle is on a level surface and the wheels are secured.
If you are working underneath the vehicle, additionally support the vehicle securely with suitable stands. The vehicle jack is not sufficient for this purpose
and may collapse.
WARNING
The high voltage in the electrical system may cause electric shocks and burns. This could result in serious or fatal injuries.
Never short-circuit the electrical system. The 12 V vehicle battery may explode.
Never touch the electrical wires and connections of the gas discharge lamps.
Preparing the vehicle for work in the engine compartment
Always perform the following activities in the specified sequence before all work in the engine compartment
:
1. Park the vehicle safely on level and stable ground
Parking.
2. If necessary, remove the vehicle key from the vehicle and store it outside of the vehicle so that the vehicle does not start accidentally.
3. Let the engine cool down sufficiently.
4. Always keep other people away from the engine compartment.
5. Secure the vehicle against rolling away.
WARNING
If the steps described for working in the engine compartment are ignored, accidents may occur. Serious injuries may result.
Always follow the described tasks and the general safety precautions.
Opening and closing the hood
Fig. 159 In the driver's side footwell: Release lever for the hood (general example).
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Fig. 160 Above the radiator grille: Opening lever for the hood.
Fig. 161 In the engine compartment: Hood support in the bracket.
Fig. 162 On the engine hood: Hood support bracket (general example).
Opening the hood
1. Open the driver door and pull the release lever in the direction of the arrow fig. 159. The hood will pop open due to spring force from the catch in the lock carr
2. To open the hood fully, slightly lift the hood while pushing the actuating lever in the direction of the arrow fig. 160.
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3. Lift the hood support out of the bracket fig. 161 in the direction of the arrow and hook it into the opening fig. 162.
Closing the hood
1. Lift the hood slightly and hold it.
2. Unhook the hood support from the opening fig. 162 and clip it back into the bracket fig. 161.
3. Let the hood fall into the lock carrier catch from a height of approximately 20 cm (8 inches); do not press it down. When the hood is closed correctly, it will be
flush with the surrounding sections of the vehicle body
If the hood is not closed correctly, lift the hood up and try to close it again.
If the hood is not correctly closed, an indicator will appear in the display of the Volkswagen Digital Cockpit. Once the hood is correctly closed, the indicator will turn
off.
WARNING
If the hood is not closed correctly, it could open suddenly while driving and block the view through the windshield. Accidents and serious or fatal injuries could
result.
After closing the hood, check that the catch is engaged correctly in the lock carrier.
If you realize when driving that the hood is not closed properly, park the vehicle safely and close the hood.
WARNING
Failing to take care when opening and closing the hood can result in serious injuries.
Do not open or close the hood if any persons are in the closing range of the hood.
NOTICE
Opening and closing the hood incorrectly can cause damage to the hood or wiper arms.
Only open the hood when wiper mode is switched off and with the windshield wipers folded in.
Always fold the wiper arms against the windshield before driving.
Display
An image in the instrument cluster display indicates if the hood is open or has not closed correctly
Do not continue driving!
1. Stop the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do so.
2. If necessary, lift the hood and close it again.
The image is also displayed when the ignition is switched off, and it disappears several seconds after the doors are closed and the vehicle is locked.
WARNING
Disregarding warning notifications could lead to breakdowns while driving, accidents and serious or fatal injuries.
Never ignore warning notifications.
Stop the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do so.
Do not continue driving and seek professional assistance if the warning light does not go out.
Operating fluids and operating equipment
All fluids and operating equipment, such as engine coolant, engine oils and vehicle batteries, are continuously being developed. Have fluids and operating
equipment replaced by suitably qualified professionals. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service
Facility.
WARNING
Carrying out work on the fuel system may cause fires and serious or fatal injuries due to electrical discharge and flying sparks.
Always disconnect the 12 V vehicle battery.
Always have a fully-functioning, checked fire extinguisher nearby.
Make sure that the vehicle is unlocked when the 12 V vehicle battery is disconnected. Otherwise, the anti-theft alarm system will be activated.
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WARNING
Fluids may be poisonous. Improper use and storage may cause serious or fatal injuries.
Only store fluids in their sealed original containers.
Never use empty food cans, bottles, or other containers to store fluids, because someone could drink the fluids by mistake.
Keep children away from all fluids and operating equipment.
Always read and heed the information and warnings on the packaging for the fluids.
When using products that emit harmful vapors, always work outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
WARNING
Fluids and some materials in the engine compartment are highly flammable and may ignite on contact with hot surfaces, sparks or naked flames. This can lead
to a fire and cause accidents and serious or fatal injuries.
Never smoke near the engine compartment.
Never work near open flames or sparks.
Never perform work near sources of heat, boilers, or other open flames.
Never pour or spill fluids on the engine.
Always have a fully-functioning, checked fire extinguisher nearby.
NOTICE
The use of incorrect fluids can cause serious malfunctions and damage to the engine.
When filling or changing fluids, make sure the correct fluids are added to the corresponding reservoirs.
Fluids leaking from the vehicle can cause environmental damage. Always check the ground under the vehicle for leaking fluids. If you see spots of fluid on the
ground under the vehicle, have the vehicle checked by an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility. Dispose of leaking fluids
correctly. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Washer fluid
General information
Fig. 163 In the engine compartment: Cap on the washer fluid reservoir (general example).
The windshield washer fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartment. The washer fluid reservoir is identified with the
symbol on the cap fig. 163.
Check the washer fluid level regularly and fill if necessary.
Preparations
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1. Prepare the vehicle for work in the engine compartment In the engine compartment.
2. Open the hood page , Opening and closing the hood.
Checking and refilling
1. Check if there is enough washer fluid in the reservoir.
2. To top it up, mix clean water with a suitable alcohol-based windshield cleaner. Follow the mixing instructions on the packaging of the windshield cleaner
. There is a screen in the filler tube in the windshield washer fluid reservoir. The screen keeps large particles of contaminants from entering the washer
nozzles when you refill the washer fluid
3. When the outside temperatures are cold, an anti-freeze agent should be added to the water so that it does not freeze. Follow the mixing instructions on the
packaging of the anti-freeze agent.
Do not use distilled water to fill the windshield washer fluid tank.
WARNING
Unsuitable additives in the windshield washer fluid can create an oily film on the vehicle windshield. This may reduce visibility and increase the risk of accidents
and serious or fatal injuries.
Never add coolant additive or similar unsuitable additives to the windshield washer fluid.
NOTICE
Using a cleaning agent that contains acid may result in damage and cause the spray nozzles to malfunction.
Never top up the windshield washer fluid tank using a cleaning agent that contains acid, e.g. vinegar-based cleaners.
NOTICE
Mixing different windshield cleaners can cause the components to flocculate and the spray nozzles to clog.
Only use suitable alcohol-based windshield cleaners.
Never mix different windshield cleaners together.
NOTICE
When you top up the windshield washer fluid, if you use a damaged screen or do not use a screen at all, dirt particles may get into the windshield washer fluid
tank. The spray nozzles may become clogged.
Take the screen out only to clean it.
Replace a damaged or missing screen.
Engine oil
Introduction
The engine oils are determined based on the requirements of the engines, emissions control systems, and the fuel quality. On all combustion engines, the engine o
comes into contact with combustion residue and fuel, which affects the aging of the engine oil. Using the correct engine oil is essential for the function and service
life of the engine. The vehicle is filled at the factory with a special multi-purpose, low-viscosity oil that can generally be used year-round.
The vehicle can consume engine oil. The engine oil consumption can vary and can change throughout the service life of the vehicle. Depending on the driving style
and the usage conditions, the engine oil consumption can be up to 1 l (1 quart) per 2000 kilometers (1200 miles); it can also be higher within the first
5000 kilometers (3100 miles) on new vehicles. Because of this, the engine oil level must be checked regularly and it is best to check the level before long drives.
WARNING
Engine oil gets extremely hot when the engine is running. Failure to take care when handling hot engine oil can cause serious bodily burns. This could result in
serious or fatal injuries.
Always allow the engine to cool down before starting work with the engine oil.
WARNING
Engine oil is poisonous. Contact with engine oil, especially swallowing engine oil, may result in serious or fatal injuries.
If you swallow engine oil, seek urgent medical help.
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If you have health problems after working with engine oil, seek medical help.
Always store engine oil out of the reach of children and only in the sealed original container. This also applies to used oil until it is disposed.
Never use empty food cans, bottles, or other containers to store engine oil, because someone could drink the engine oil by mistake.
Avoid regular contact with engine oil to prevent damage to your skin.
Protect your skin, face and particularly your eyes when working with engine oil.
Do not eat, drink or smoke when working with engine oil.
Wash your skin with soap and water after working with engine oil.
Engine oil that has dripped and spilled can pollute the environment. Catch any leaking operating fluids and dispose of them correctly according to
environmental regulations.
Engine oil standards
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
Safety precautions for working in the engine compartment .
Vehicles with engine oil label
If you need to top up the engine oil, use an oil with the prescribed engine oil standard and engine oil viscosity fig. 164.
Fig. 164 Engine oil standard and engine oil viscosity label (general example).
Engine oil standard information.
Engine oil viscosity information.
The label with the prescribed standard is located at the front of the engine compartment next to the hood release fig. 165.
Fig. 165 On the side next to the hood release: Label for engine oil standard and engine oil viscosity.
Label.
28
If the prescribed engine oil fig. 164 is used, the engine oil level can be corrected any number of times as needed
Checking the engine oil level and adding oil .
Vehicles without an engine oil label
Information regarding the prescribed engine oil standard and engine oil viscosity can be obtained from suitably qualified professionals. If engine oil needs to be
topped up, use an engine oil with the prescribed engine oil standard and engine oil viscosity. If the prescribed engine oil is used, the engine oil level can be correcte
any number of times as needed Checking the engine oil level and adding oil .
If no engine oil that meets the prescribed standard is available, you may, in an emergency, top up the engine oil no more than once before your next standard oil
change using no more than 0.5 liters (0.5 qt) of engine oil that meets the following deviating standards:
Gasoline engines: VW 504 00 and ACEA C3, ACEA C4, API SP, or ILSAC GF-6A standard. All viscosity classes in these standards are permitted.
Having the oil change carried out by an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility is recommended.
NOTICE
Using engine oils that have not been approved in accordance with the respective VW standard can cause damage to the engine.
When refilling, only use engine oils that comply with the quality requirements of the respectively applicable VW standard.
Only if you absolutely must, add max. 0.5 l (0.5 qt) of engine oil that does not comply with the specified engine oil standards.
Volkswagen recommends Volkswagen Genuine oil.
Changing the engine oil
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
Safety precautions for working in the engine compartment .
The engine oil must be changed regularly and in line with the service intervals
Information regarding the service schedule .
Additives in the engine oil can make new engine oil appear dark after a brief engine run time. This is normal and is no reason to change the engine oil more
frequently.
WARNING
If care is not taken when changing engine oil, the oil can cause environmental damage, serious burns, or fire. This could result in serious or fatal injuries.
Always allow the engine to cool down completely before changing the engine oil.
Always wear eye protection when changing the engine oil.
Keep your arms horizontal when using your fingers to unscrew the oil drain plug, so that the draining oil does not drip down your arm.
Use a container suitable for collecting used oil that can hold at least the entire quantity of oil in the engine.
WARNING
Engine oil is poisonous. Contact with engine oil, especially swallowing engine oil, may result in serious or fatal injuries.
If you swallow engine oil, seek urgent medical help.
If you have health problems after working with engine oil, seek medical help.
Always store engine oil out of the reach of children and only in the sealed original container. This also applies to used oil until it is disposed.
Never use empty food cans, bottles, or other containers to store engine oil, because someone could drink the engine oil by mistake.
Avoid regular contact with engine oil to prevent damage to your skin.
Protect your skin, face and particularly your eyes when working with engine oil.
Do not eat, drink or smoke when working with engine oil.
Wash your skin with soap and water after working with engine oil.
NOTICE
Engine oil and filter changes require special tools, technical knowledge and the correct disposal of the used oil. Failing to act properly may cause damage to the
vehicle.
For this reason, always have the engine oil and filters changed by an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Dispose of the engine oil in a way that will not harm the environment and only at a collection point for used oil, e.g. a recycling center or specialist retailer.
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Checking the engine oil level and adding oil
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
Safety precautions for working in the engine compartment .
Preparations
Fig. 166 In the engine compartment: engine oil filler cap (general example).
To avoid an incorrect oil level reading, observe the following steps:
1. Park vehicles with an engine at operating temperature on a level surface.
2. Wait at least five minutes for the engine oil to flow back into the oil pan.
3. Open the hood.
4. Find the engine oil filler and the dipstick.
You can identify these by the
fig. 166 symbol on the engine oil filler cap and the colored handle on the oil dipstick.
Checking the engine oil level
Fig. 167 Engine oil level markings on the oil dipstick (versions).
The engine oil level is too high.
Oil level in the normal range.
The engine oil level is too low.
Only perform these activities in the specified order:
1. Remove the dipstick from the guide tube and wipe the dipstick off using a clean cloth.
2. Reinsert the dipstick into the guide tube and push it all the way in. If there is a marking on the engine oil dipstick, make sure it lines up with the notch at the top
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of the guide tube, and that the oil dipstick goes all the way in.
3. Remove the dipstick again and read the oil level on the dipstick as described below fig. 167:
Engine oil level too high - if necessary follow the messages in the instrument cluster display or contact suitably qualified professionals for assistance.
Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Oil level in the normal range. Engine oil can be added up to the upper edge of this area, for example if there is heavy engine load.
The engine oil level is too low. Add engine oil immediately and, if necessary, pay attention to the messages in the instrument cluster display.
4. After reading the oil level, reinsert the oil dipstick into the guide tube and push it all the way in. If necessary, continue to add engine oil.
For high vehicle loads, for example when driving long distances on highways in the summer or when driving through high mountains, the engine oil level should be
the upper section of the permitted area.
Adding engine oil
WARNING
When you top up the engine oil, it could spill or overflow and ignite on contact with hot engine components. This may cause burns or a fire. This could result in
serious or fatal injuries.
Always make sure that the engine oil cap is installed securely on the engine filler opening after adding oil and that the oil dipstick is inserted correctly in
the guide tube.
Always ensure that engine oil does not spill onto cold components in the engine.
Only perform these activities in the specified order
:
1. Remove the cap on the engine oil filler fig. 166.
2. Top up the engine oil gradually in small quantities, not more than 0.5 l (0.5 quart) in total, or follow the recommendation in the display of the Volkswagen Digital
Cockpit.
3. To avoid overfilling, you must wait at least one minute each time you add engine oil so that the engine oil can flow into the oil pan up to the marking on the oil
dipstick.
4. Read the engine oil level again by checking the engine oil level display on the Infotainment system screen before you add another small amount of engine oil.
Or: read the engine oil level on the oil dipstick again before adding a little more.
Never add too much oil. When you are done adding oil, the oil level should be in the center of area fig. 167 . It should not be above fig. 167
, it should
be in the
range, and it must not be in the area above fig. 167
5. If you accidentally add too much engine oil and the engine oil level is in the area above fig. 167
, do not start the engine
. Contact an authorized
Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility for assistance.
6. Close the cap on the engine oil filler when you are done adding engine oil fig. 166.
7. Close the hood.
Displaying the service information in the Infotainment system
Vehicles with an Infotainment system:
1. Switch the ignition on.
2. Select and tap the Car function key.
3. Tap the Setup
function key.
4. Tap the Service function key.
After a service has been carried out, the service notification is updated after approximately five days or a distance driven of approximately 500 km (311 miles). Until
then, the screen of the Infotainment system will show Inspection --- km / --- days Oil change: in --- km / --- days.
CAUTION
Starting the engine with the engine oil level too high after refilling can cause engine damage.
Do not start the engine, and seek professional assistance.
NOTICE
Using incorrect fluids can result in malfunctions and engine damage.
When topping up fluids, make sure the correct fluids are added to the correct reservoirs.
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Volkswagen recommends using the approved engine oils in accordance with the respective VW standard.
If you are not sure where the cap and the oil dipstick are located, contact an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility for
assistance. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Troubleshooting
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
Safety precautions for working in the engine compartment .
Engine oil pressure too low
The red warning light blinks. A message is shown in the instrument cluster display.
Do not continue driving! Engine damage could result.
1. Stop the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do so
Parking.
2. Stop the engine.
3. Check the engine oil level Checking the engine oil level and adding oil .
4. If the warning light flashes, do not continue driving or let the engine run, even if the oil is at the correct level. Engine damage could result. Contact an authorized
Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility for assistance.
Engine oil level very low
The red warning light blinks. A message is shown in the instrument cluster display.
Do not continue driving! Engine damage could result.
1. Stop the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do so
Parking.
2. Stop the engine.
3. Check the engine oil level Checking the engine oil level and adding oil .
4. If necessary, top up the engine oil gradually in small quantities (not more than 0.5 l (0.5 qt) in total) or observe the top-up recommendation in the display of the
Volkswagen Digital Cockpit.
5. If the warning light lights up, do not continue driving or let the engine run, even if the oil is at the correct level. Engine damage could result. Contact an
authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility for assistance.
Engine oil level too low
The yellow indicator light turns on. A message is shown in the instrument cluster display.
1. Stop the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do so
Parking.
2. Stop the engine.
3. Check the engine oil level Checking the engine oil level and adding oil .
4. If necessary, top up the engine oil gradually in small quantities (not more than 0.5 l (0.5 qt) in total) or observe the top-up recommendation in the display of the
Volkswagen Digital Cockpit.
5. If the indicator light comes on, do not continue driving or let the engine run, even if the oil is at the correct level. Engine damage could result. Contact an
authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility for assistance.
Engine oil level too high
The yellow indicator light turns on. A message is shown in the instrument cluster display.
1. Stop the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do so
Parking.
2. Stop the engine.
3. Check the engine oil level Checking the engine oil level and adding oil .
4. If the engine oil level is too high, do not drive any further or leave the engine running. Engine damage could result. Contact an authorized Volkswagen dealer or
authorized Volkswagen Service Facility for assistance.
or
Engine oil system malfunction
The indicator light flashes yellow. A message is shown in the instrument cluster display.
1. Contact a suitably qualified professional. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Engine coolant
Introduction
Only perform work on the engine cooling system if you are familiar with the necessary activities and the general safety precautions, and if the correct operating
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equipment, fluids and suitable tools are available. Work performed incorrectly can result in serious injuries
. Have all work performed by suitably qualified
professionals if necessary. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Information about warning and indicator lights can be found in the troubleshooting section at the end of the chapter
Troubleshooting.
WARNING
Engine coolant is poisonous. Contact with coolant, especially swallowing coolant, may result in serious or fatal injuries.
If you swallow coolant, seek urgent medical help.
If you have health problems after working with coolant, seek medical help.
Always store engine coolant out of the reach of children and only within the sealed original container.
Never use empty food cans, bottles, or other containers to store engine coolant, because someone could drink the engine coolant by mistake.
Avoid regular contact with coolant to prevent damage to your skin.
Protect your skin, face, and particularly your eyes when working with coolant.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke when working with coolant.
Wash your skin with soap and water after working with coolant.
WARNING
In extremely low temperatures, the coolant can freeze and the vehicle could break down. This can cause the heating to stop working in the vehicle. Vehicle
occupants could die of exposure if they do not have sufficient warm clothing.
Make sure the coolant additive is always adjusted according to the ambient temperature.
Only use coolant additive approved by the manufacturer.
Coolant and coolant additives can pollute the environment. Catch any leaking operating fluids and dispose of them correctly according to environmental
regulations.
Engine coolant specifications
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
Safety precautions for working in the engine compartment .
The cooling system is filled at the factory with a mixture of specially prepared water and at least 40% coolant additive G12evo (TL 744-L).
To protect the engine cooling system, there must always be at least a 40% proportion of coolant additive. If greater freeze protection is needed due to the climate,
the proportion of coolant additive can be increased. However, the proportion of coolant additive must not exceed 55 %, because otherwise the freeze protection will
be reduced and the cooling effect will be decreased.
The engine coolant additive can be recognized by its violet color. The mixture of water and coolant additive provides freeze protection down to -25 °C (-13 °F),
protects the aluminum alloy parts of the cooling system from corrosion, prevents limescale deposits, and increases the boiling point of the coolant.
If the engine coolant is being topped up, a blend of distilled water and at least 40% of the G12evo engine coolant additive must be used to ensure optimum
corrosion protection
CAUTION
In extremely low temperatures, the coolant can freeze and the vehicle could break down. This can cause the heating to stop working in the vehicle. Vehicle
occupants could die of exposure if they do not have sufficient warm clothing.
Make sure the coolant additive is always adjusted according to the ambient temperature.
Only use coolant additive approved by the manufacturer.
NOTICE
The coloring of the engine coolant results from the mixture of the purple coolant additive and distilled water. If the fluid in the coolant expansion tank is not
purple, but for example brown, the engine coolant has been mixed with another non-suitable coolant. Serious malfunctions or damage to the engine and cooling
system could occur.
Only use coolant additive approved by the manufacturer.
If the coolant turns brown, have it changed immediately by an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility. Volkswagen
recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
Never mix original Volkswagen coolant additives with coolant additives that are not approved by Volkswagen when topping up.
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Engine coolant and coolant additives can harm the environment. Catch any leaking operating fluids and dispose of them correctly according to environmental
regulations.
Checking and filling engine coolant
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
Safety precautions for working in the engine compartment .
Preparations
1. Parking the vehicle on a level, secure surface.
2. Allow the engine to cool
3. Open the hood.
The coolant expansion tank is identified with the
red symbol on the cap fig. 168.
Fig. 168 In the engine compartment: cap on the engine coolant expansion tank.
WARNING
Escaping hot steam or hot coolant and hot components may cause serious burns.
Never open the engine hood if you can see or hear steam or coolant escaping from the engine compartment.
Always wait until you can no longer see or hear steam or engine coolant escaping from the engine compartment.
WARNING
The engine cooling system is under pressure when the engine is hot. If the cover is opened carelessly, coolant may spray out and cause serious burns or fatal
injuries.
Never open the cap on the coolant expansion tank when the engine is hot.
Always protect your face, hands and arms from hot coolant or steam with a large, thick cloth if you need to open the cover of the coolant tank.
Slowly and very carefully turn the cap on the coolant expansion tank counterclockwise while pressing down lightly on the cap.
Checking the coolant level
286
Fig. 169 In the engine compartment: markings on the engine coolant expansion tank.
When new vehicles are delivered or after repairs to the cooling system, the coolant level may be above the marked area. This is normal. The coolant does not need
to be extracted.
The coolant level cannot be checked exactly for every model, because the view of the fluid level in the coolant expansion tank may be obstructed. If you cannot rea
off the engine coolant level accurately, contact a suitably qualified professional. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or
authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
1. When the engine is cold, check the coolant level using the markings on the side of the engine coolant expansion tank fig. 169. The coolant level must be
between the markings.
2. If the fluid level in the coolant expansion tank is below the minimum mark (“min”), have coolant added. When the engine is warm, the engine coolant level may
be slightly above the upper marking.
3. If no coolant is visible in the coolant expansion tank, do not add coolant
Filling the coolant
1. Carefully unscrew the cap
2. Only add new coolant that conforms to the Volkswagen specification Engine coolant specifications.
If there is no engine coolant available that conforms to the required specification, initially only top up with distilled water. Then have the correct mixture ratio
using the specified coolant additive restored as soon as possible by an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility. Volkswagen
recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility
3. Top up the engine coolant to the upper fill level marker. After topping up the engine coolant, the coolant level must be between the markings on the coolant
expansion tank fig. 169.
4. Install the cap securely.
5. Check the coolant level after one day. If the level of the engine coolant tank drops below the “min” minimum marking again, contact an authorized Volkswagen
dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility and have the cooling system checked. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer
or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
6. If there is no engine coolant available that conforms to the specification, do not use any other engine coolant additive in an emergency
NOTICE
Coolant expands when it heats up. If coolant is topped up above the marked level, excess coolant may leak out and cause damage to the vehicle.
Do not refill the system with engine coolant above the upper edge of the marked area of the engine coolant tank.
NOTICE
If there is no more engine coolant in the coolant expansion tank, air can get into the cooling system. This could result in damage to the engine.
Do not continue driving.
Do not top up the coolant.
See an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility for assistance.
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NOTICE
The chemical components contained in water that is not distilled can cause considerable corrosion damage in the engine. This can cause engine malfunctions.
Only use distilled water for refilling the system!
If you have added water that is not distilled, have the fluid in the cooling system changed completely by an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized
Volkswagen Service Facility. Volkswagen recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
NOTICE
The use of incorrect fluids can cause serious malfunctions and damage to the engine.
When filling or changing fluids, make sure the correct fluids are added to the corresponding reservoirs.
Troubleshooting
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
Safety precautions for working in the engine compartment .
Engine coolant
The red warning light blinks. The coolant temperature is too high or the coolant level is too low.
Do not continue driving! Engine damage could result.
1. Stop the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do so
Parking.
2. Stop the engine.
3. Allow the engine to cool.
4. Check the engine coolant level on the Coolant expansion tank Checking and filling engine coolant .
5. If the warning light does not turn off, do not continue driving or let the engine run, even if the engine coolant is at the correct level.
6. Contact an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility for assistance.
Brake fluid
Introduction
Brake fluid absorbs moisture from the air over the course of time. Too much water in the brake fluid causes damage to the brake system. Water lowers the boiling
point of the brake fluid. If the water content in the brake fluid is too high, vapor lock may form in the brake system during heavy braking and full braking. Vapor lock
reduces the braking efficiency, increases the braking distance considerably, and can lead to a total failure of the brake system. Your own safety and the safety of
others on the road depends on your brake system functioning correctly at all times.
WARNING
Brake fluid is poisonous. Contact with brake fluid, especially swallowing brake fluid, may result in serious or fatal injuries.
If you swallow brake fluid, seek urgent medical help.
If you have health problems after working with brake fluid, seek medical help.
Always store brake fluid out of the reach of children and only within the sealed original container.
Never use empty food cans, bottles, or other containers to store brake fluid, because someone could drink the brake fluid by mistake.
Avoid regular contact with brake fluid to prevent damage to your skin.
Protect your skin, face, and particularly your eyes when working with brake fluid.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke when working with brake fluid.
Wash your skin with soap and water after working with brake fluid.
NOTICE
Spilled or leaking brake fluid will damage the vehicle's surfaces. The vehicle's paint, plastic parts, and tires may be damaged.
Immediately wipe up any spilled or leaking brake fluid that comes into contact with vehicle components.
Then rinse all vehicle parts with plenty of water.
Brake fluid can pollute the environment. Collect spilled brake fluid and dispose of it correctly.
288
Brake fluid specifications
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
Safety precautions for working in the engine compartment .
Volkswagen has developed a special brake fluid that is optimized for the vehicle's brake system. For optimum performance of the brake system, Volkswagen
recommends only using brake fluid that complies with the VW standard 501 14.
Before using brake fluid, check that the brake fluid specification on the bottle matches the vehicle requirements.
Brake fluid that complies with the VW standard 501 14 can be obtained from an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
If brake fluid that meets this specification is not available and another high-quality brake fluid must therefore be used, brake fluid that complies with the specification
DIN ISO 4925 or the US Standard FMVSS 116 DOT 4 CLASS 6 can be used.
Not all brake fluids that comply with the requirements of DIN ISO 4925 or US Standard FMVSS 116 DOT 4 CLASS 6 have the same chemical composition. Some
of these brake fluids can contain chemicals that can destroy or damage components of the vehicle brake system over time.
To help ensure that the brake system functions correctly over the long term, Volkswagen recommends using a brake fluid that expressly conforms to the
VW standard 501 14.
Brake fluid that complies with the VW standard 501 14 meets the requirements of DIN ISO 4925 or the US Standard FMVSS 116 DOT 4 CLASS 6.
Checking the Brake Fluid
Please read the introductory information and heed the Warnings and Notice
Safety precautions for working in the engine compartment .
Preparations
1. Parking the vehicle on a level, secure surface.
2. Open the hood.
Checking the Brake Fluid Level
Fig. 170 In the engine compartment: cap on the brake fluid reservoir.
The brake fluid reservoir can be recognized by its cap fig. 170.
The brake fluid level cannot be checked precisely on all models because the hood or engine components may obstruct the view of the fluid level in the reservoir. If
you cannot read the brake fluid level clearly, see an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility for assistance. Volkswagen
recommends contacting an authorized Volkswagen dealer or authorized Volkswagen Service Facility.
The brake fluid level must always be between the MIN and MAX markings on the brake fluid reservoir
The brake fluid level decreases slightly when the vehicle is being used as the brake pads wear and the brakes automatically adjust themselves.
WARNING
A low brake fluid level or unsuitable brake fluid may cause the brakes to fail or may reduce braking efficiency. Accidents and serious or fatal injuries could result.
Have the brake system and brake fluid level checked regularly.
Be sure to use the correct brake fluid.
Only use brake fluid that expressly complies with the VW standard 501 14.
If brake fluid that complies with the VW standard 501 14 is not available, in exceptions only use a high-quality brake fluid that complies with
DIN ISO 4925 CLASS 6 or US standard FMVSS 116 DOT 4.
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