Honda Civic (2019 year). Manual - part 36

 

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Honda Civic (2019 year). Manual - part 36

 

 

560

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Recommended Engine Oil

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Recommended Engine Oil

Oil is a major contributor to your engine's 
performance and longevity. If you drive the 
vehicle with insufficient or deteriorated oil, 
the engine may fail or be damaged.

This seal indicates the oil is energy conserving 
and that it meets the American Petroleum 
Institute’s latest requirements.

Use Genuine Honda Motor Oil or another 
commercial engine oil of suitable viscosity for 
the ambient temperature as shown.

Synthetic oil

You may also use synthetic motor oil if it is labeled with the API Certification Seal 
and is the specified viscosity grade.

• Genuine Honda Motor Oil
• Premium-grade 0W-20 detergent oil with an API Certification Seal on the 

container.

1

Recommended Engine Oil

Engine Oil Additives
Your vehicle does not require oil additives. In fact, 
they may adversely affect the engine performance 
and durability.

Ambient Temperature

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Oil Check

Continued

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Oil Check

We recommend that you check the engine oil level every time you refuel.
Park the vehicle on level ground.
Wait approximately three minutes after turning the engine off before you check the 
oil.

1. Remove the dipstick (orange).
2. Wipe the dipstick with a clean cloth or 

paper towel.

3. Insert the dipstick back all the way into its 

hole.

1

Oil Check

If the oil level is near or below the lower mark, slowly 
add oil, being careful not to overfill.

1.5 L engine models

2.0 L engine models

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Oil Check

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4. Remove the dipstick again, and check the 

level. It should be between the upper and 
lower marks. Add oil if necessary.

Upper Mark

Lower Mark

1.5 L engine models

Upper Mark

Lower Mark

2.0 L engine models

563

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Adding Engine Oil

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Adding Engine Oil

1. Unscrew and remove the engine oil fill cap.
2. Add oil slowly.
3. Reinstall the engine oil fill cap, and tighten 

it securely.

4. Wait for three minutes and recheck the 

engine oil dipstick.

1

Adding Engine Oil

NOTICE

Do not fill the engine oil above the upper mark. 
Overfilling the engine oil can result in leaks and 
engine damage.

If any oil spills, wipe it away immediately. Spilled oil 
may damage the engine compartment components.

Engine Oil 
Fill Cap

1.5 L engine models

Engine Oil 
Fill Cap

2.0 L engine models

564

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

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Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

You must change the engine oil and oil filter regularly in order to maintain the 
engine’s lubrication. The engine may be damaged if they are not changed regularly.

Change the oil and filter in accordance with the maintenance message on the driver 
information interface.

1. Run the engine until it reaches normal 

operating temperature, and then turn the 
engine off.

2. Open the hood and remove the engine oil 

fill cap.

3. Remove the Phillips-head screws and 

slotted head screws by turning 90° 
counter-clockwise on the undercarriage 
and remove the under cover.

1

Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

NOTICE

You may damage the environment if you do not 
dispose of the oil in a suitable way. If you are 
changing the oil by yourself, appropriately dispose of 
the used oil. Put the oil in a sealed container and take 
it to a recycling center. Do not throw the oil away 
into a garbage can or onto the ground.

Under Cover

Screw

565

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

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4. Remove the drain bolt and washer from 

the bottom of the engine, and drain the 
oil into a suitable container.

1.5 L engine models

Drain Bolt

Washer

2.0 L engine models

Drain Bolt

Washer

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

566

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5. Remove the oil filter and dispose of the 

remaining oil.

6. Check that the filter gasket is not stuck to 

the engine contact surface.

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If it is stuck, you must detach it.

7. Wipe away dirt and dust adhering to the 

contact surface of the engine block, and 
install a new oil filter.

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Apply a light coat of new engine oil to 
the oil filter gasket.

8. Put a new washer on the drain bolt, then 

reinstall the drain bolt.

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Tightening torque: 
30 lbf∙ft (40 N∙m, 4.0 kgf∙m)

9. Pour the recommended engine oil into the 

engine.

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Engine oil change capacity (including 
filter): 

3.7 US qt (3.5 L)

4.4 US qt (4.2 L)

10. Reinstall the engine oil fill cap securely and 

start the engine.

11. Run the engine for a few minutes, and 

then check that there is no leak from the 
drain bolt or oil filter.

12. Stop the engine, wait for three minutes, 

and then check the oil level on the 
dipstick.

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If necessary, add more engine oil.

1

Changing the Engine Oil and Oil Filter

You will need a special wrench to replace the oil 
filter. You can buy this wrench from a dealer.

When installing the new oil filter, follow the 
instructions supplied with the oil filter.

Reinstall the engine oil fill cap. Start the engine. The 
low oil pressure indicator should go off within five 
seconds. If it does not, turn off the engine, and check 
your work.

Oil Filter

1.5 L engine models

2.0 L engine models

Oil Filter

1.5 L engine models

2.0 L engine models

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Engine Coolant

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Engine Coolant

This coolant is premixed with 50% antifreeze and 50% water. Do not add any 
straight antifreeze or water.

We recommend you check the engine coolant level every time you refuel. Check the 
reserve tank. Add the engine coolant accordingly.

1. Make sure the engine and radiator are 

cool.

2. Check the amount of coolant in the reserve 

tank.

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If the coolant level is below the MIN 
mark, add the specified coolant until it 
reaches the MAX mark.

3. Inspect the cooling system for leaks.

Specified coolant: Honda Long Life Antifreeze/Coolant Type 2

Checking the Coolant

1

Engine Coolant

NOTICE

Genuine Honda engine coolant is a 50/50 mixture of 
antifreeze and water that can withstand freezing at 
temperatures as low as about −31°F (−35°C). If your 
vehicle is consistently subjected to temperatures 
below this, the concentration of antifreeze in the 
coolant should be increased. Consult a dealer for 
details.

If Honda antifreeze/coolant is not available, you may 
use another major brand of non-silicate coolant as a 
temporary replacement. Check that it is a high quality 
coolant recommended for aluminum engines. 
Continued use of any non-Honda coolant can result 
in corrosion, causing the cooling system to 
malfunction or fail. Have the cooling system flushed 
and refilled with Honda antifreeze/coolant as soon as 
possible.

3

WARNING

Removing the reserve tank cap while the 
engine is hot can cause the coolant to spray 
out, seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and radiator cool 
down before removing the reserve tank 
cap.

MAX

MIN

Reserve Tank

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Engine Coolant

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1. Make sure the engine and radiator are 

cool.

2. Turn the reserve tank cap 1/8 turn counter-

clockwise and relieve any pressure in the 
cooling system.

3. Push down and turn the reserve tank cap 

counter-clockwise to remove it.

4. Pour coolant into the reserve tank until it 

reaches the MAX mark.

5. Put the reserve tank cap back on, and 

tighten it fully.

Adding the Coolant

1

Engine Coolant

Do not add rust inhibitors or other additives to your 
vehicle’s cooling system. They may not be compatible 
with the coolant or with the engine components.

1

Adding the Coolant

NOTICE

Pour the fluid slowly and carefully so you do not spill 
any. Clean up any spills immediately; they can 
damage components in the engine compartment.

Reserve Tank 
Cap

1.5 L engine models

Reserve Tank 
Cap

2.0 L engine models

569

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Transmission Fluid

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Transmission Fluid

Have a dealer check the fluid level and replace if necessary.

Do not attempt to check or change the continuously variable transmission fluid 
yourself.

Have a dealer check the fluid level and replace if necessary.

Do not attempt to check or change the manual transmission fluid yourself.

Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) Fluid

Specified fluid: Honda HCF-2

Manual Transmission Fluid

Specified fluid: Honda MTF

Models with continuously variable transmission

1

Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) Fluid

NOTICE

Do not mix Honda HCF-2 with other 
transmission fluids.
Using a transmission fluid other than Honda HCF-2 may 
adversely affect the operation and durability of your 
vehicle's transmission, and damage the transmission.
Any damage caused by using a transmission fluid that 
is not equivalent to Honda HCF-2 is not covered by 
Honda's new vehicle limited warranty.

Models with manual transmission

1

Manual Transmission Fluid

NOTICE

If Honda MTF is not available, you may use the API 
certificated SAE 0W-20 or 5W-20 viscosity motor oil 
as a temporary measure.
Replace with MTF as soon as possible. Motor oil does 
not contain the proper additives for the transmission 
and continued use can cause decreased shifting 
performance and lead to transmission damage.

570

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Brake/Clutch

*

 Fluid

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Brake/Clutch

*

 Fluid

Use the same fluid for both the brakes and clutch.

The fluid level should be between the MIN 
and MAX marks on the side of the reserve 
tank.

The brake fluid reserve tank is also used for 
your vehicle’s clutch fluid. As long as you keep 
the brake fluid level as instructed above, there 
is no need for checking the clutch fluid level.

Specified fluid: Honda Heavy Duty Brake Fluid DOT 3

Checking the Brake Fluid

1

Brake/Clutch

*

 Fluid

NOTICE

Brake fluid marked DOT 5 is not compatible with your 
vehicle’s braking system and can cause extensive 
damage.

If the specified brake fluid is not available, you should 
use only DOT 3 or DOT 4 fluid from a sealed 
container as a temporary replacement.

Using any non-Honda brake fluid can cause corrosion 
and decrease the longevity of the system. Have the 
brake system flushed and refilled with Honda Heavy 
Duty Brake Fluid DOT 3 as soon as possible.

If the brake fluid level is at or below the MIN mark, 
have a dealer inspect the vehicle for leaks or worn 
brake pads as soon as possible.

Reserve Tank

MIN

MAX

Manual transmission models

* Not available on all models

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Maintenance Under the Hood

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Refilling Window Washer Fluid

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Refilling Window Washer Fluid

Check the amount of window washer fluid by looking at the reservoir.

If the level is low, fill the washer reservoir.

If the washer fluid is low, a message appears 
on the driver information interface.

Pour the washer fluid carefully. Do not overflow the reservoir.

1

Refilling Window Washer Fluid

NOTICE

Do not use engine antifreeze or a vinegar/water 
solution in the windshield washer reservoir.
Antifreeze can damage your vehicle’s paint. A 
vinegar/water solution can damage the windshield 
washer pump.
Use only commercially available windshield washer 
fluid.
Avoid prolonged use of hard water to prevent lime 
scale build up.

Except Canadian 1.5 L engine models

Canadian 1.5 L engine models

Canadian models

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Replacing Light Bulbs

Headlight Bulbs

When replacing, use the following bulbs.

1. Push the tab to remove the coupler.
2. Rotate the old bulb counter-clockwise to 

remove.

3. Insert a new bulb into the headlight 

assembly and turn it clockwise.

4. Insert the coupler into the connector of the 

bulb.

High beam headlight:

60 W (HB3 for halogen bulb type)

*

High beam headlight:

LED type

*

Low beam headlight:

55 W (H11 for halogen bulb type)

*

Low beam headlight:

LED type

*

High Beam Headlights

1

Headlight Bulbs

NOTICE

Halogen bulbs get very hot when lit.
Oil, perspiration, or a scratch on the glass can cause 
the bulb to overheat and shatter.

The headlight aim is set by the factory, and does not 
need to be adjusted. However, if you regularly carry 
heavy items in the trunk, have the aiming readjusted 
at a dealer or by a qualified technician.

When replacing a halogen bulb, handle it by its base, 
and protect the glass from contact with your skin or 
hard objects. If you touch the glass, clean it with 
denatured alcohol and a clean cloth.

Headlights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda 
dealer inspect and replace the light assembly.

Models with halogen headlights

All models

Models with halogen headlights

Models with LED headlights

Models with halogen headlights

Tab

Coupler

Bulb

* Not available on all models

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Replacing Light Bulbs

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Headlight Bulbs

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1. Push the tab to remove the coupler.
2. Rotate the old bulb counter-clockwise to 

remove.

3. Insert a new bulb into the headlight 

assembly and turn it clockwise.

4. Insert the coupler into the connector of the 

bulb.

Low Beam Headlights

Models with halogen headlights

Tab

Coupler

Bulb

574

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Replacing Light Bulbs

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Fog Light Bulbs

*

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Fog Light Bulbs

*

When replacing, use the following bulbs.

1. Remove the clips using a flat-tip 

screwdriver, remove the bolt, and push up 
the under cover.

Fog Light: 35 W (H8 for halogen bulb type)

*

Fog Light: LED type

*

1

Fog Light Bulbs

*

Insert a flat-tip screwdriver, lift and remove the center 
pin to remove the clip.

Insert the clip with the center pin raised, and push 
until it is flat.

Models with halogen fog lights

Push until the pin 
is flat.

Models with halogen fog lights

Clips

Bolt

* Not available on all models

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Replacing Light Bulbs

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Fog Light Bulbs

*

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2. Push the tab to remove the coupler.
3. Rotate the old bulb counter-clockwise to 

remove.

4. Insert a new bulb into the fog light 

assembly and turn it clockwise.

5. Insert the coupler into the connector of the 

bulb.

1

Fog Light Bulbs

*

NOTICE

Halogen bulbs get very hot when lit. Oil, perspiration, 
or a scratch on the glass can cause the bulb to 
overheat and shatter.

When replacing a halogen bulb, handle it by its 
plastic case, and protect the glass from contact with 
your skin or hard objects. If you touch the glass, clean 
it with denatured alcohol and a clean cloth.

Fog lights are LED type. Have an authorized Honda 
dealer inspect and replace the light assembly.

Models with halogen fog lights

Models with LED fog lights

Tab

Coupler

Bulb

* Not available on all models

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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